由於血液流經人工器官時，紅血球受到非生理流況產生應力使其外膜破裂，釋放出血紅素到血漿中。而血漿中的自由血紅素是含有毒性的，會造成腎臟及其他器官的衰竭，因此在研發人工器官時，都不期望血球遭受到破壞而引發溶血。故本實驗利用噴射流來形成亂流場，流場量測則使用二維雷射都卜勒測速儀，得知流場的分佈，再將清洗過的血球置入流場中進行溶血實驗。雷諾應力及黏滯切應力常被用來估算溶血，因此引用過去學者所做的研究進行驗證的工作。雷諾應力跟隨Sallam所做的實驗，驗證了雷諾應力值為400Pa時血球會遭受到破壞，但本實驗經過主軸平面的轉換後雷諾應力的閥值應為800Pa。而黏滯切應力則利用本實驗做出來的數據計算出來的黏滯切應力大小均符合Jones的研究結果，卻和Quinlan and Dooley的實驗結果有所差別，其中機制尚有待研究。 When blood passes through the artificial organ, membranes of red blood cells crack due to the shear stress generated by nonphysical flow condition, thus hemoglobin are released from red blood cells and flow into plasma. These free hemoglobin in plasma are toxic. They may cause kidneys or other organ failures. Therefore, under the research and development process of artificial organs, preventing the destruction of blood cells that can lead to hemolysis is certainly the top priority. For this reason, this study aims to create turbulence fields by means of a jet flow, and measure the distribution of flow field and turbulent stresses by using a two dimensional laser Doppler anemometer (LDV). The washed porcine blood cells are then put into the flow field to do the hemolytic experiment. The thresholds of the Reynolds shear stress and viscous shear stress are usually put to use to measure the hemolysis. In comparision with previous researchers, this study well compare with that of Sallam and Hwang measured the Reynolds shear stress in free turbulent jet flow and reported values of 400 N/m2 .However, in this study Reynolds shear stress is at 800 N/m2 after the shift between principal axis and plane. Moreover, the quantity of viscous shear stress confirm the results of Jones’s study but one magnitude smaller than that of Quinlan and Dooley’s research. The reason still needs to be further discovered.