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    题名: 臺灣民眾對環境保護認知、態度與行為之調查研究
    其它题名: A survey on environmental protection knowledge, attitudes and behaviors in Taiwan
    台灣民眾對環境保護認知、態度與行為之調查研究
    作者: 陳盈樺;Chen, Ying-hua
    贡献者: 淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系碩士班
    陳俊成
    关键词: 環境保護;環保知識;環境態度;環保行為;environmental protection;environmental knowledge;environmental attitude;environmental behavior
    日期: 2009
    上传时间: 2010-01-11 07:27:49 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 全球環境問題日趨嚴重,而推行環境保護為提昇人類環境素養,是解決環境問題的重要途徑。促成民眾增長環境知識、提昇環境態度,進而落實環境友善行為。爰此,期望透過本研究之調查,藉以瞭解我國民眾的環境保護知識、環境態度與環保行為之現況。
    本研究旨在於瞭解台灣民眾對環境保護知識、態度與行為之調查研究。分別從保護知識、環境態度與環境行為三大構面,來獲得目前民眾對於環境保護瞭解現況之情形,以提供未來環境保護推廣之參考依據。
    本研究採自編「台灣民眾對環境保護認知、態度與行為之調查」問卷作為研究工具,環保行為總量表之信度為.83、環境態度總量表之信度為.86,顯示本問卷的內部一致性相當良好。預試問卷為100份,正式問卷得有效問卷399份,有效回收率為83.47%。
    研究結果顯示平常獲取環保資訊的來源以電視媒體最多,綜合發現,環境態度及環保行為所有層面和總平均之間的關聯都達顯著,且彼此之間都是存有正向關係。受訪者背景變項在環保知識各個層面在總平均得分為男性高於女性、學生高於家管退休/無業者。受訪者背景變項在環保行為各個層面總平均得分為女性高於男性、40-49歲高於19歲及以下、50歲以上高於39歲及以下各年齡層、居住在南部者高於北部者、軍公教人員高於白領工作者和學生、家管退休/無業者高於學生。
    針對未來研究建議:1.針對台灣東部及離島部份做調查。2.擴大研究範圍與研究對象。3.縣市、城鄉個案之比較研究。4.環境保護如何推動以及因應環境保護的探討。5.民間組織參與推動環境保護之研究。6.進行質化研究。
    With the worsening global environment, the promotion of environmental protection and environmental knowledge is an important part of the solution. By promoting greater environmental knowledge and attitudes among the general public, environmentally friendly behavior can be realized. This survey therefore seeks to understand the environmental knowledge, attitudes and behaviors in today''s Taiwanese population.
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the environmental knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of the Taiwanese population. The study looks at the general public''s current understanding of environmental protection issues from three perspectives: knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. The results can then be used as a reference for future efforts to promote environmental protection.
    The tool used was the "Survey of Environmental Protection Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors in Taiwan" questionnaire developed for this study. In the overall scale, environmental behavior''s reliability was 0.83 while environmental attitude was 0.86 so the study''s internal consistency was excellent. 100 preliminary questionnaires were produced, and 399 effective responses recovered from the formal survey for an effective recovery rate of 83.47%.
    The research results showed that television media was the most common source of environmental protection information. Generally speaking, there was significant correlation between environmental attitudes and environmental behaviors at all levels and in the overall mean. The correlation was also positive in nature. With regards to the survey subjects'' background variables, the mean score for environmental knowledge at all levels was higher among men than women and higher among students than homemakers/retirees/unemployed. The mean score for environmental behavior at all levels was higher among women than men, higher among those aged 40~49 years than those below the age of 19, higher among those over the age of 50 than those 39 and under, higher among those living in the south than the north, higher among the military/civil servants/teachers than white collar workers and students, higher among homemakers/retirees/unemployed than students.
    Recommendations for future studies include: 1. Conducting a survey in eastern Taiwan and the offshore islands. 2. Expanding the scope of research and number of subjects. 3. Comparative research of urban and rural case studies. 4. Explore how to promote and respond to environmental protection issues. 5. Research on participation and promotion of environmental protection by non-government organizations. 6. Conduct qualitative research.
    显示于类别:[水資源及環境工程學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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