淡江大學機構典藏:Item 987654321/35462
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    題名: 以互補式金氧半標準積體電路製程及後加工程序製作50微米尺寸之力感測器
    其他題名: Micro force sensors of 50μm size fabricated by standard CMOS foundry and post process
    作者: 許竣為;Hsu, Chun-wei
    貢獻者: 淡江大學機械與機電工程學系碩士班
    楊龍杰;Yang, Lung-jieh
    關鍵詞: 互補式金氧半導體;微機電系統;壓阻式壓力感測器;明膠封裝;CMOS MEMS;piezoresistive pressure sensor;gelatin package
    日期: 2005
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 06:36:32 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本文利用台積電0.35μm 2P4M標準積體電路代工(CMOS foundry)和後製程程序(post process),製作壓力感測薄膜為50μm×50μm大小之壓阻式壓力感測器;壓力薄膜之材質為二氧化矽,壓電阻之材質為多晶矽。因應微小壓力薄膜之製作,本文利用正面濕式蝕刻的方式進行中空壓力腔之後製程,蝕刻孔洞大小為5μm×5μm。在濕式蝕刻製程中,預先設計之金屬犧牲層將被蝕去,得到感測薄膜之微結構,其後利用氫氧化鉀(KOH)對矽基底材蝕刻出V型槽(V-groove),為得到與外界隔絕之壓力感測器之空腔結構,此處使用明膠(gelatin)來進行孔洞填塞,最後對晶片進行加壓測試。
    加壓測試結果顯示,在壓力感測器的驅動電壓為1伏特,壓力量測範圍0~60psi之下,本壓力感測器之靈敏度為8.56±0.13 mv/v/psi,線性度4.3±1.6%,遲滯度小於1%。本文利用CMOS微機電製程製作壓阻式壓力感測器,並配合後製程和明膠封裝技術製作薄膜微結構,具面積小、靈敏度高之特性。
    This work investigates the fabrication of a piezoresistive micro pressure sensor with the size of 50μm×50μm using the standard CMOS and post process. The CMOS foundry, TSMC 0.35μm 2P4M process herein, is provided by CIC (Chip Implementation Center), Taiwan. The material of sensor membrane is silicon dioxide, and piezoresistors are made by polysilicon. To release the membranes of micro pressure sensors, this work proposes to use the front-side etching technique with etching holes of 5μm×5μm only. In wet etching process, the sacrificial metal layers will be removed, and release the membrane structure. After these, the V-grooves are etched anisotropically into the silicon substrate using KOH, and to get the pressure sensor''s cavity which is separated from the outside. Here we use one of the protein stuffs, gelatin, to seal the etching holes, and examine the chip in pressure test.
    In the pressure test, the operating bias voltage of pressure sensor is 1 Volt, and the testing pressure ranges from 0 to 60psi. The performance of pressure sensor, the sensitivity is around 8.56±0.13 mv/v/psi, the linearity is 4.3±1.6%, and the hysteresis is less than 1%. This work demonstrated a piezoresistive pressure sensor which was made by CMOS MEMS technique, post process, and the packaging of gelatin. With the electrical/mechanical integration the micro structure of membrane , the micro force sensor have the advantages of smaller size and high sensitivity.
    顯示於類別:[機械與機電工程學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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