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    題名: 無線攝影機感測網路下之邊界覆蓋研究
    其他題名: On barrier coveragein wireless camera sensor networks
    作者: 陳威宇;Chen, Wei-yu
    貢獻者: 淡江大學資訊工程學系碩士班
    石貴平;Shih, Kuei-ping
    關鍵詞: 邊界覆蓋;無線攝影機感測網路;Barrier Coverage;WCSNs
    日期: 2009
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 06:03:42 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 在無線攝影機感測網路中,為了配合各種應用來追蹤或觀察目標,因此將攝影機感測器(Camera Sensor)配置於監視區域中,這些Camera Sensor 利用無線通訊方式,形成無線攝影機感測網路。本論文藉由探討無線攝影機感測網路下非圓形感測區域,與一般無線感測網路所設計達成邊界覆蓋之機制所考慮圓形感測區域相異,若套用一般無線感測網路之機制將無法形成邊界覆蓋,因此本論文提出適用於無線攝影機感測網路邊界覆蓋形成之分散式演算法,稱為Cone-Base Barrier CoveRage Algorithm(CoBRA)。利用鄰居之資訊及Barrier Request(BREQ)、Barrier Response(BREP)等訊息之傳遞,達到調整Camera sensor 偵測方向,在區域內建立邊界覆蓋。最後本論文實驗顯示在規則配置節點之場景中,能夠與理想數量相近,而在亂數配置Camera Sensor 之場景中,當配置Camera Sensor 數量越多時,所形成防衛線的Camera Sensor 數量與理想值差距就越小
    In the Wireless Camera Sensor Networks(WCSN), the camera sensors deployment is for some proposes of the monitoring area . For example, the object observing and tracking are the main goal of WCSN. The use of WCSN to protect the intruder or international borders has attracted more and more attention. To compare the barrier coverage problem in WCSN with the previous studies in WSN, the problem of the barrier coverage should be solve under the assumption of sector sensing model in WCSN. The current study presents Cone-base Barrier coverRge Algorithm (CoBRA) for constructing the barrier line in the random deployment in WCSNs. To protect all the intruder path, the barrier line is constructed with the vertical direction of the intruder direction. The algorithm select the less number of the active camera sensors to form the barrier line. The simulation result shows that the less number of active camera sensors will cause the longer network life time. The more camera sensors and the bigger angle cause the better successful rate of forming the barrier line.
    顯示於類別:[資訊工程學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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