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    題名: 非用之用 : 環境支應性之觀察與分析
    其他題名: The use of unintended : an observation and analysis of environmental affordances
    作者: 余采真;Yu, Tsai-chen
    貢獻者: 淡江大學建築學系碩士班
    劉綺文;Liu, Chi-wen
    關鍵詞: 環境支應性;環境物件;環境感知;非計畫使用;環境棲位;Affordance;Environmental features & objects;Environmental perception;Unintended use;Environmental niche
    日期: 2009
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 05:35:20 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 「非用之用(The unintended use)」是指日常生活環境中的物件,透過人們為完成特定需求的過程中經常有超出原本設計用途以外的其他使用方式。此行為是使用者藉由環境物件表面的性質引導其完成特定動作的結果,其中會受到使用者的經驗、需求、物件的特性及周遭環境條件的影響。環境對於不同個體各自特定的需求會提供不同的affordance,人透過身體感知得到空間傳達的訊息而獲得決策執行的動力,因此經驗的差異會反映在人於環境中的資訊取得上。本研究藉由拍照觀察記錄的方式,自淡水地區公共空間可看見的開放空間,廣泛收集產生affordance的環境或物件之樣本,企圖探討使用者在完成特定需求的過程中環境物件組合如何提供affordance,並透過生態棲位的概念說明大環境因素對支應性之影響。
    本研究透過環境元素的分析以獲知物件能提供affordance的特性,企圖探索環境設計操作上各種關鍵的要素,站在樣本提供者的角色期望成果可作為設計師在環境設計過程中之參考。研究分析之發現如下:
    1、最經常出現affordance的高度為距離地面高90-124公分的範圍間。此高度在屬性開放之公共場所(例:公園、觀光區)主要提供物件導向行為的affordance;在屬性較私密的環境(例:住宅區)主要提供身體導向行為的affordance。
    2、最經常出現affordance的物件屬性為「俱阻隔作用且通透之構建組合」。其物件屬性在觀光區可支應之行為有遊戲、傾靠身體、傾靠物件;在住宅區可支應之行為有廣告/標語、掛/綁、傾靠物件、曬。
    3、具備「管狀直徑小於5公分之金屬交叉線性」的物件(例:鐵窗、鐵門),是住宅區內產生支應性頻率最高的支應物系統,主要支應物件導向之行為。
    “The unintended use” is referred to the phenomenon that objects and features in the daily environment are used in such ways that defer the initials purposes of designs to accommodate the users’ current needs. This phenomenon can be seen as result of environmental affordance that derives from users’ intentions, past experiences, the characteristics of the objects and the surrounding environment. The environment may provide different affordances for different individuals depending on their specific needs. The discovery of affordances is a process of environmental perception in which human being takes an active part in interpreting objects and information in the surroundings. This research is focused on how objects in the environment provide affordances for users in Tam-Sui, and how the larger environmental conditions may influence the existence of affordances.
    Through the environmental analysis, the research discusses that objects can provide properties of the affordance. This attempt is to explore all kinds of crucial elements of the environmental design operation. The role is to provide samples for designers, the result will be considered as the references of the environmental designing process. The following results have been obtained after studying and analyzing the statistical data:
    1.The production of the affordance is the result of three mixed conditions, such as “Environmental niche”, “Affordance”, “Motivation & Behavior”. The co-relation between Affordance and Behavior is called “The system of supporting feature”. Certain objects can create any kind of different affordance. In which, it involves that the forms, shapes, subjective object, and intermediate objects, etc. These related elements can be reflected on all kinds of behavior. Besides the relationship between object and behavior, it still needs to consider the condition of the Environmental niche. Then, it can form a complete “Affordance space”.
    2.The system feature supports, “Horizontal linear”, “Continuous surface with horizontal surfaces”, “Cross liner with its tubal diameter less than 5 centimeters”, “Solid walls”. According to different heights, materials, habitat, objects approach and body approach will create different affordance.
    3.The research of the environmental affordance is to create multiple possibilities of the use. When the environmental designer control the dimensions, shapes etc. that related to certain behaviors. According to the different needs defined by the users, a single object can be found in the environment with all kinds of affordance.
    顯示於類別:[建築學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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