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    Title: 接近在地構築 : 以馬祖芹壁村為例
    Other Titles: Close to local Textonic : take the Chin-Bi village in Ma-Tsu for example
    Authors: 蔡宗佑;Tsai, Zong-yo
    Contributors: 淡江大學建築學系碩士班
    黃瑞茂;Haung, Jui-mao
    Keywords: 在地構築;雇工購料;傳統砌石工法;local textonic;hiring employees;purchasing materials;traditional stone-laid technique
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 05:32:54 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在馬祖地區中最常見的就是以當地石材所砌築而成的石頭房子。在馬祖地區保存得較為良好的傳統閩東式建築聚落則屬馬祖北竿鄉芹壁傳統聚落保存區,在芹壁聚落保存區中可以看到各種不同的傳統砌石工法。
    傳統的閩東式砌石工法與一般在台灣或是其他地區所常見的建築構築方式又有何差異之處?從傳統砌石工法的各個步驟、工法以及應用在建築物上所構成的各種不同形式上來探討何謂「在地傳統工法」。這樣的在地傳統工法從過去發展到現在,與原本閩東式建築所發源的大陸福州一帶的建築構築方式已經有了些微的改變。這樣的改變源自於當時環境底下從經濟、生活環境、材料來源以及匠師的技藝等方面的影響而產生出獨特且專屬於馬祖的「在地傳統工法」。
    在國軍進駐馬祖地區之後引進了水泥的使用,這造成了在聚落保存區中許多設施以及環境的修補上也開始大量的使用水泥材質。在一個聚落保存區中所要留存下來的,就是整個聚落環境所圍塑出來整體氛圍。當這些新材質使用在傳統的聚落保存區之中時,對於整個聚落環境所造成的影響是增進環境的塑造亦或是使得整體環境的氣氛產生問題。在本研究中列出在芹壁聚落保存區中所出現的各種不同構造,但是卻以新材質來構築的地點、現象,以此來與傳統工法所形成的環境兩相比較來進行聚落氛圍之討論。
    在進行聚落環境改善的過程之中,除了傳統的以政府發包制度為主來進行環境改善工程的方式之外,本研究也試著由最近的「雇工購料」方式來探討在芹壁聚落保存區中進行環境改善的可能性。並討論在以政府發包制度底下,是否有機會可以接近在地的構築方式及呈現。而以「雇工購料」或「政府發包」方式來進行環境改善時,何者更有機會可以接近馬祖當地之在地構築。
    In Ma-Zu, houses are commonly belt with stones which are collected locally. The reserve of the Chin-Bi traditional village in Bei-Gan is accounted for the most well preservative traditional village of the Min-Eastern style building in Ma-Tsu. In the Chin-Bi reserve, a variety of traditional stone-laid techniques can be found.

    What is the difference between the traditional Min-Eastern stone-laid technique and constructional methods of buildings which are commonly applied in Taiwan or other areas? Discussing the local traditional technique from processes of the traditional stone-laid technique, methods of techniques and applications in buildings, this kind of local traditional building technique of constructing methods which originated from Fuzhou, China, has been changed slightly. Those changes refer to a different economic environment, different life-standings, sources and masters’ technical skills. As a result, those reasons contribute to a unique local traditional technique method which only belongs to Ma-Tsu.

    After the national military garrisoned Ma-Tsu, concrete was imported by the military and was widely used in fixing facilities and environment of village reserves. What we want to reserve was the atmosphere of the whole village. However, applying these innovative materials in traditional village reserves may raise a conflicting question—does it improve constructions of the environment in reserves or does it impact the unity of the atmosphere? In this research, the village atmosphere among the Chin-Bi village which is constructed with innovative materials will be compared with the environment which is belt among the traditional technical methods.

    In the process of improving village environments, in addition to the traditional method of contracting out improving environmental constructions from governments, this research will explore possibilities of developing the environment in the reserve of Chin-Bi village by using a popular method – hiring employees and purchasing materials. Moreover, this research will discuss the opportunities of approaching local constructional methods and representations among the system of contracting out constructions from governments. Finally, the method of “hiring employees and purchasing materials” which seeming has great opportunities of approaching local constructional representations in Ma-Tsu will be discussed as well.
    Appears in Collections:[建築學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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