The gist of this dissertation is to discuss the city planning system how to articulate the cultural planning sphere under the social foundation of middle class emerging, civil consciousness awaking and political democratization and in the context of Post-Fordism and Neo-Liberalism in Taipei City during 1994 to 2008. The two core problematic issues are: (1). the urban regime how to respond or meet citizens’ demands for cultural collective consumption to keep legitimacy; (2).facing economic recession in the meanwhile, the “pro-development” state how to upgrade city’s competitiveness by means of cultural planning.
The structure of this study could divide into three parts. Firstly, the legitimate crisis of urban planning causes to deal with industrial function revision and transition to cultural facilities production of urban amenity, including the current mechanism adjustment and alternative projects. Secondly, we analyze the formation and social effects of city’s cultural planning tasks through institutionalization, horizons, capabilities, facility-production and cultural events. Thirdly, from “Post-Industrial City” model, we debate the two local brownfield development cases, Taipei Winery (Huashan) and Songshan Tobacco Factory (Songyan), driven by cultural policy, and indicate the cultural planning features of these two cases. Summarily, the features of cultural planning during this period are the following: (1).the cultural tasks and citizens’ demands could not be treated subtly by the current urban planning mechanism and transferred to cultural planning domain; (2).the city’s cultural organization could accomplish governance by the interaction of “structure” and “agency”: responding the cultural demands actively for middle class primarily, and bringing the civil society’s capacity into cultural planning system; (3).the value of “the progressiveness of culture” had ever emphasized in a few cases to achieve planning practice by “incorporating resistance”; (4).Taipei City represents “the character of capital” and her cultural planning possesses the feature of political planning: political resources and performance field; (5).since 2000, “cultural and creative industry policy” had turned into a kind of dominant and “pro-developmental” one. Moreover, the capability of state had degraded, therefore, by means of BOT policy, the private cultural enterprises were drawn into brownfields development as “science-park-like” type and cultural goods service industry combined cultural consumption with tourism. However it eliminated the previous art capacity and lost the brownfield’s positive role at the same time.
Finally, this study identifies the current cultural planning as a kind of art form: “the collage”, which interlaced with many kinds of mapping forces. However, Taipei, involved in worldwide intercity material competition, should confront the limitation and be aware of social foundation herself. By discovering the multiple heterogeneous “cultural uniqueness” inside the city, it’s able to create alternative and irreplaceable “cultural competitiveness”, furthermore remove the stereotype of cultural consumption and demand-meeting for middle class in cultural planning domain.