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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/34549


    Title: 商用地理資訊系統在鋪面管理上之應用
    Other Titles: The application of commercial geographic information system software to pavement management
    Authors: 林明輝;Lin, Ming-hui
    Contributors: 淡江大學土木工程學系碩士班
    李英豪;Lee, Ying-haur
    Keywords: 鋪面管理系統;地理資訊系統(GIS);路網層級;動態分段;均質路段;最佳化;維修策略;Pavement Management;Geographic Information System (GIS);Network Level;Dynamic Segmentation;Uniform Section;Optimization;Rehabilitation Strategy
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 05:22:22 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 我國近年來社會經濟快速成長,其中公路建設依舊是現代運輸系統中相當重要的一環。然而,隨著各高速公路、快速道路及地方聯絡道路的相繼完成所連接而成的四通八達的交通路網,再加上日漸成長的交通量,導致鋪面後續的管理、養護及維修等作業將變得日趨困難。因此隨著公路路網的日漸完善,鋪面工程的內容將從以往的設計施工提升至管理的層面,這樣的觀念在國內外早已行之多年。國內自1983年起至今亦參考國外成功之系統,針對不同區域研發多套鋪面管理系統。
    鋪面管理系統成功與否的關鍵,取決於是否有一套有效率的資料庫架構。一套組織良好的資料庫可以方便且有效率的提供足夠且有用的資訊給鋪面管理者。本研究的主要目的,在於將鋪面管理路網階層中的雛形資料庫架構結合至商用地理資訊系統中。且鋪面管理的特色與特徵以及最佳化維修策略的整合亦是研究之重點。
    由於鋪面資料的蒐集必須在有限的資源及指定的時間內完成,並符合明確性、可量測性、可否達成、相關性、及時性等原則(SMART)。因此本研究建議國內鋪面路網資料庫結構可以利用"抽樣調查"及"均質路段"的觀念來進行資料蒐集。資料庫則是考量建立以及未來擴充的容易性的特點,選用有關的商用套裝軟體(Microsoft Access)。而資料庫結構是由鋪面原始資料登錄、記錄多年交通量資料及服務狀況資料(或歷史資料)並且用原始資料表單更新主要的鋪面維修資料。
    商用套裝軟體(ArcView 9.0)所提供的"動態分段"程序是以不同年度的歷史資料匯入,再以自動化且有效率的程序產生動態分段(或整合均質路段)資料庫。因此,本研究以鋪面路網動態分段資料庫為架構發展出一套鋪面管理系統(TKUNET2)之雛形。系統主要的特色包括許多紀錄、更新、整合、總結、諮詢、報告及鋪面路網資料庫地理資訊化等的人性化使用者介面。
    An efficient database structure is the key to the success of a pavement management system. A well-organized database can provide adequate and valuable information for pavement network management purposes with convenience and efficiency. The main purpose of this study is to integrate a prototype database structure into a commercial geographic information system (GIS) for “network level” pavement management. The characteristics and features of pavement database management and its integration with network rehabilitation optimization algorithms are also investigated.
    The concepts of “sampling” and “uniform section” are proposed for domestic pavement network database structure and collection procedures based on the considerations of Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Timely (or SMART) principles, given the resources available and the prescribed time frame. The relational database structure of a commercial software package (Microsoft Access) and its existing features are used for the easy of implementation and possible future enhancements. The database structure consists of inputting pavement inventory data, recording multi-year traffic and condition survey data (or historical data), and updating major pavement maintenance information in their original data formats.
    The “dynamic segmentation” procedure provided by a commercial software package (ArcView 9.0) is adopted to automatically and efficiently generate dynamic segmentation (or summarized uniform section) databases based on the historical data imported from different survey years. Consequently, a prototype computer program for pavement network dynamic segmentation database structure is developed. The main features of the program include many user-friendly interfaces for recording, updating, integrating, summarizing, query, reporting, and graphical representation of the network pavement databases.
    In addition, various optimization algorithms of alternative strategies in pavement network rehabilitation management were also implemented in this prototype system (named TKUNET2). In which many user-friendly interfaces could be used to assist high-level pavement management officials in answering various “what … if …” questions such as the determination of future rehabilitation needs, cost-effectiveness studies, tabular and graphical query, network summary and presentations of optimized budget allocation problems. The prototype system can be further expanded with ease and efficiency so as to assure the best use of our limited resources for network pavement rehabilitation through minimum time, effort and cost.
    Appears in Collections:[土木工程學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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