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    Title: 解構八0年代校園學生電影:類型、性別、國族認同
    Other Titles: Deconstruction of teenager-campus films in the 80's: genre, gender and national identity
    Authors: 潘素慧;Pan, Su-hui
    Contributors: 淡江大學大眾傳播學系博士班
    楊明昱;Yang, Ming-yu
    Keywords: 校園學生電影,電影類型,男性氣概,國族認同;Teenager-Campus Film,Genre,Masculinity,National Identity
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 05:17:37 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 校園學生電影曾是八0年代台灣製片的主流,這類型的電影描寫中學生的校園生活,透過青少年的成長描述當時的社會文化,但台灣電影的學術書寫脈絡中卻從未替校園學生電影做整理。
    重新檢閱八0年代的校園學生電影後,發現電影以男性青少年為發言位置構成電影的敘事,又因特殊的政治環境,將成人(親職、教職)的角色類型化為軍人,這些男孩所接受的社會化機構,便是如軍隊般的軍事化場域。
    本研究之目的,是為一直以來被學術論述所忽視的校園學生電影做類型整理,釐清校園學生電影所指的是哪些元素和公式所構成的電影,進而瞭解此類型電影何以構築一個以外省男性為中心的世界,揭開國家與父權體制如何規訓青少年的國族/性別想像。
    本研究以文本分析為研究方法,援以後結構女性主義和Anderson的國族主義論述為理論視野,分析《飛越補習班》(1981)、《校園檔案》(1985)、《風雨操場》(1989)、《寒假有夠長》(1989)等四部電影當中所隱含的國族/性別論述。研究發現校園學生電影是因應八0年代的社會情境而生,電影中的主要角色皆為男性,是構築一個以男性為價值體系的父系社會,青少年透過軍人父親、教官或訓導主任等角色建構應有的男性氣概,如:勇敢、爭勝、具社經地位、歧視女性等等,進而藉由同儕集體認同完成異性戀男性主體之建構。此外,電影著重外省男孩間的兄弟情誼,強化外省男性結黨結派的形象,延伸對親屬和國家的忠、孝情節,構築以男性結盟的國族想像社群。
    即便校園學生電影關心社會問題,但電影正向積極的形象以及國家的電影檢查制度,使得校園學生電影無法對結構提出更深層的批判,傾向對國家的主流意識型態靠攏。
    Teenager-Campus film, which explains the struggle between adults and young-adults, was once the main stream of Taiwan’s film industry in the 80’s. The characters of this kind of film are mostly constructed by the male from Mainland, who was born in military family. And it also displays a prodigious atmosphere of a very particular period. However, in the academic discussion of Taiwan’s cinema, Teenager-Campus Film has been ignored for a long time.
    In order to explore the significance of Teenager-Campus Film in the 80’s, the writer tries to analyse the construction of the masculinity and national identity by drawing on post-formalism and Anderson’s nationalism.
    The main idea of this thesis is built by a powerful patriarchy. The teenagers in the movies identify themselves with their military fathers, drillmasters and directors of discipline who own the legal power to discipline their gender subjects. Also, they construct their masculinity from peer group. Moreover, Teenager-Campus film focuses on comradeship between male teenagers, which represent the images of Mainlander male as well as gang, and further, extend the loyalty to the agnate and the nation.
    Appears in Collections:[大眾傳播學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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