Sets up the nation based on agriculture ancient China, the agriculture was developed since old times, from ancient times till now, inherits besides the farmer generation''s experience, in the Chinese agriculture''s developing process, preserved the extremely rich ancient agricultural book literature, these literature, have recorded each time, has about agricultural development all sorts of knowledge and the technology.
From the ancient agricultural book''s record, corresponds time which, social background, economy and so on factors locates, will have the different rendezvous and the impact, and will present the cultural appearance which the posture will vary; Therefore, recorded from the ancient times agriculture book literature related ancient times agricultural technology and knowledge all sorts of development, then observation contained the agrarian civilization faced, should be the subject which was worth discussing very much.
The present paper then plans from the cultural angle, discusses the agrarian civilization which in the middle of the ancient agricultural book literature contains to face; The second chapter , discusses the thought tradition which first Chinese all previous dynasties stress agriculture, and the briefing modern times have about the ancient agricultural book classified principle, as well as “the peasant family class” the books in the middle of the successive dynasties annals and the table of contents book''s description change, defines clearly the ancient agricultural book literature by the time in all previous dynasties development and the influence.
The third chapter , obtains by the ancient agricultural book literature, contains rich and many Yuan agrarian civilizations in view of the ancient agricultural book in the middle of makes a brief combing, divides into the material culture and the energetic cultural two stratification planes, discusses in the middle of the ancient agricultural book many like culivation techniques, silkworm raising spinning and weaving, raising livestock, farmer season, agricultural politics and so on agrarian civilization the appearances.
Fourth, fifth take five large-scale comprehensive agricultural books, " chyi mjn yaw shuh ", " nong sang jyi yaw", Wang Jen " nong shu", " nong jeng chyuan shu", " show shyr tong kao" do as the model, discusses in the book the content, corresponds author''s idea standpoint, respective time social background and so on factors, the investigation contains special cultural subject and significance.
Finally, by the agrarian civilization discussion which contains regarding the ancient agricultural book in the middle, then defines clearly an achievement special kind of literature type the ancient agricultural book literature, whether can discuss by the cultural research angle, and establishes specially possibility of from the kind of literature culture research. And proposed that by the ancient agricultural book literature research primarily, the subject which in the future may also display, for example regional agricultural development and the cultural research, perhaps various types agrarian civilization type thorough discussion and so on.