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    Title: 張抗抗小說中的女性意識
    Other Titles: Study on the female educated in Zhang Kangkang's novels
    Authors: 詹孟蓉;Chan, Neng-jung
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國文學系碩士班
    呂正惠;Lu, Cheng-hui
    Keywords: 張抗抗;女性意識;新時期;Zhang Kangkang;Fmale Cnsciousness;The New Period
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 05:11:21 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 張抗抗可以稱之為新時期文學創作的主流作家,她的作品序列有如一面鏡子清晰地映照著新時期文學的流變,準確地掌握著當下的文化語境,因此本論文以張抗抗的小說為主要探究對象,考察張抗抗70年代至今的作品中,所表現出的「女性意識」。論文討論的脈絡以張抗抗創作時間為順序,筆者並初步將作者的創作劃分以70─80年代、90年代、2000年至今等三個時期,探討張抗抗在創作的三個階段中所發展出的女性意識,成為本論文最主要的研究目的。
    筆者初步劃分,以70─80年代是她的創作初期,從1975年的長篇處女作《分界線》,成為張抗抗踏上文學道路的第一步。早期作品主要是以知青文學為主,雖是以知青生活為作品背景,但張抗抗更著眼於人性上的反思,早期作品中的女性意識並不顯著,但從早期作品《夏》、《北極光》至《隱形伴侶》中的女性形象,可歸納出她在女性意識概念上之形成。
    到了90年代是張抗抗創作的轉折點,一方面以撰寫女性家族史《赤彤丹朱》的過程中,反思過去的歷史對於人性影響,並進一步挑戰男性的歷史撰寫權,以家族中的女性形象彰顯出女性意識。
    另一方面在90年代書寫中,張抗抗敏銳地感受到中國在政策上開始實行經濟改革,影響至女性在經濟上獨立,而有助於女性意識的抬頭,在長篇小說《情愛畫廊》反而是反其道而行,在講求利益的商品社會中,強調人性中的美、善是存在的;2000年後,張抗抗在《作女》中展現出現代女性,具有強烈而富有生命力的女性意識。
    張抗抗從早期作品轉至90年代後以的女性小說,所表現出不同的女性議題,而透過對文本分析後可以得知作者強調的女性意識是從人性角度的「個性解放」,以及女性在人格與經濟上更加「獨立」。
    Zhang Kangkang can be called as the main stream writer of The New Period Literature; her novels not only like a mirror that can reflect the changes of The New Period Literature, but also show the culture on the instant precisely. The theme of this essay is to survey the “Fmale Cnsciousness” revealed in Zhang Kangkang’s novels from 1970’s to now, based on her writing timeline to three stages. 1970’s to 1980’s, 1990’s to 2000 and 2000 to now. How the Fmale Cnsciousness developed from the three stages and her influence to the consequent generations.
    From 1970’s to 1980’s is the initial stage of her creation. Her debut work《Dividing line》is her first step to the world of literature. Her earlier novels are mainly about Knowledge Youth, the daily lives of highly-educated young people at that period of time as the background, Zhang Kangkang emphasizes more on human thoughts. The concept of Fmale Cnsciousness is not obviously seen in her early works, however, I can still see the women image from them, such as 《Summer》、《Aurora borealis》and《Invisible companionship》, and to generalize how the concept for Fmale Cnsciousness is formed.
    In 1990’s, it’s a turning point of Zhang Kangkang’s literary creation, on the one hand, in the process of her writing women family history《Chi Tong Dan Zhu》, she puts emphasis on how history influence our human-beings. Furthermore, she challenges the right that only male can write history and uses the female characters in this family to show Fmale Cnsciousness.
    On the other hand, the People''s Republic of China starts economic innovation in 1990’s, in Zhang Kangkang’s writings I can perceptively feel the booming atmosphere. At the same time, the influence also come to women, they become more independent economically, and also helps a lot for bringing up women’s conscious and legal rights.
    In the other river novel《Affectional gallery》, she makes this book exactly the opposite way. It talks about in this material world, human nature, the beauty and good are still existing. After 2000, Zhang Kangkang’s 《Woman on the Edge》 leads us to see modernized women possess more strong and vital Fmale Cnsciousness.
    Zhang Kangkang’s female novels from early stages to 1990’s represent different aspects of women’s life. Through these writings, author stresses to look into the Fmale Cnsciousness from “personality liberation” and how women can be more independent in human dignity and economy.
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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