「孝治」思想的基礎架構來自於《孝經》，透過對《孝經》內容、思想的理解，可以掌握到「孝治」思想的內涵。「孝治」思想裡頭的「政治孝道對於忠、孝之間的調和，促成「移孝作忠」的可能性。 因此，本文首先確立《孝經》的成書年代。接著針對其思想背景、思路、內容進行探討，以助於對《孝經》「孝治」思想的正確掌握。 本文以西漢作為「孝治」實踐的確立階段、東漢作為「孝治」實踐的蓬勃階段、魏晉作為「孝治」實踐的衰微階段。透過探討這三個時期的「孝治」實踐，呈現出「孝治」思想落實於現實環境中，各方面條件的需要與侷限。 The idea of the “Filial Ruled” is based on the “Book of Filial Piety”, we can grasp the concept of “Filial Ruled” through the content and discussion in the “Book of Filial Piety”. Within the area of “Filial Ruled”, “Political Filial Piety” has the function of harmonizing between “Loyalty” and “Filial Piety”, increasing the possibility of “transfomring filial piety to loyalty”. Therefore, this article first affirms the time when the “Book of Filial Piety” was written. It will then focus on its thoughts and background, in order to grasp the essence of “Filial Ruled” in the “Book of Filial Piety”. This article considers Western Han Dynasty as the initial stage of practicing “Filial Ruled”, which became popularized in Eastern Han Dynasty, but decades in Wei Jin Dynasty. With the above discussion on the three stages, we hope to understand how the idea of “Filial Ruled” is carried out in real life, as well as its needs and restrictions.