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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/34319


    Title: 大學機構典藏政策之研究
    Other Titles: A study on relevant policies for institutional repositories
    Authors: 羅靜純;Lo, Ching-chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班
    黃鴻珠;Huang, Hong-chu
    Keywords: 機構典藏;機構典藏政策;Institutional Repository;Institutional Repositories;Institutional Repositories policies;IR;IRs;DSpace;EPrints;Digital Commons
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 05:09:18 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討大學進行機構典藏及制定典藏政策的相關議題,藉由文獻探討瞭解國際之研究與發展現況,並透過內容分析法分析國外54所大學所制定之機構典藏政策內容,據以製作問卷,於訪談國內12所大學圖書館同時進行調查,以瞭解國內大學發展機構典藏之現況,以及對典藏政策制定之相關意見,並根據調查與研究結果,對國內大學未來發展機構典藏及制定政策提出結論與建議。

    在問卷調查對象部分,共計發出14份問卷,回收13份,回收率為92.86%;在訪談實施方面,共計訪問22位圖書館代表,研究結果如下:
    一、本研究所針對的54所國外大學樣本中,正式公佈有機構典藏政策文件或相關政策說明的學校僅有28所(51.85%)。
    二、國內大學圖書館對於機構典藏政策內容之看法,與國外實施現況未盡相似,且各校間之看法也不同。
    三、國內大學圖書館對機構典藏建置、現況及政策制定議題之看法,包括:
    (一)大學機構典藏工作已開始受到重視且啟動,但仍有許多亟待克服的問題。
    (二)無論機構典藏系統管理方式、選擇軟體為何,將以「整合查詢」方式提供服務。
    (三)圖書館進行機構典藏時,在系統上尋求與電算中心合作的新契機;在行政上尋求與系所社群、研發處及教務處等單位的合作。
    (四)無論以單一大學、聯盟或國家型發展機構典藏,都需以「單一大學」為基礎。
    (五)政策制定前掌握系所需求,並在大原則下保留部分彈性,以滿足不同需要。
    (六)可藉由與教師續聘、升等獎勵、研究計畫申請、優良教師選拔、系所學術研究成果等學術評鑑機制結合,並對成員強調機構典藏所能帶來的好處,以增加提交意願。
    (七)由圖書館參與政策制定是合適的,但必須與其他單位共同合作。
    (八)機構典藏政策於建置初期可先單獨制定,但未來可朝向與館藏發展政策整合於同一份文件中。
    四、大學學術研究產出量及學校所在區域位置,對於機構典藏之推動與對政策之看法並無絕對性的影響,但規模大小與學校特色等,則對推動難易度與典藏內容的選擇有所影響。


    另外,本研究提出九項具體建議,分述如下:
    一、大學在規劃機構典藏工作之初,即應開始關心政策制定的問題。
    二、學習其他規模大小、性質相近大學的經驗,並配合機構特性及需要,制定出適用的機構典藏政策,將其公布於網頁上與大家共享。
    三、隨著機構典藏的發展,圖書館員必須在工作模式及角色扮演上進行自我調適。
    四、責請國家圖書館或透過計畫方式,學習英國SHERPA/RoMEO計畫模式,調查國內商業出版社或非營利機構進行開放機構典藏之意願。
    五、國內大學圖書館在採購電子期刊時,可向出版社爭取將自行典藏條文同時納入使用授權契約中。
    六、著手進行國外聯盟或國家型機構典藏建置現況之研究,並朝向落實實行而努力。
    七、國內圖書館界應重視此議題,並透過研討會、研習班、演講等方式對館員進行教育。
    八、對機構典藏政策與館藏發展政策文件整合方式提出三種建議。
    九、校內進行教師學術研究評鑑時,可將機構典藏系統作為取得評鑑資訊的工具,而教育部進行大學評鑑時,建議將其列為評鑑項目之ㄧ。
    This research aims to investigate the topics and relevant policies for Institutional Repositories (IRs). According to literature review, the international research and development are also investigated. In addition, by utilizing content analysis method, 54 foreign universities are studied for their policies of IRs. Simultaneous questionnaire survey and interview are conducted with 12 university libraries in Taiwan, to better understand the recent development of IRs, and to get some feedback on the policy issues. Finally, according to these results, conclusion and suggestion are made for the future development and relevant policies for IRs.

    14 copies of questionnaire survey are sent, 13 feedbacks, with a feedback rate of 92.86%. 22 library representatives are interviewed. The result of the research is as the followings:

    1. Out of the sampled 54 foreign universities, only 28 have officially announced their policies of IRs. The percentage is 51.85%.
    2. The approach to the IRs policies are different between domestic and foreign universities. There are also differences between universities in Taiwan.
    3. The approach to the establishment, recent status and the policies of IRs includes the followings:
    a. IRs is being noticed and utilized. However, there are still many unsolved problems need to overcome.
    b. Regardless of the management method or the choice of software, “Integrated Retrieval” is applied for the service provided.
    c. The library should seek system collaborations with the computer and information networking center; and seek administrative cooperation with department groups, office of research and development, and the office of the dean of academic affairs.
    d. Regardless of single university, consortium, or national development of IRs, “single university” should be the basis.
    e. Policies making should follow the needs and leave flexibility for the department, in order to satisfy different needs.
    f. To raise the aspiration for submitting, a combination of academic evaluations such as the professor’s extension of contract, promotion, research grant application, selection for honored professors, and department research results can be utilized. And by emphasizing the advantage that could be brought by IRs.
    g. It is adequate for the involvement of the library to the making of policies, but it still needs the cooperation of various units.
    h. The initial stage for the policies of IRs could be made individually, however, future development can allow the integration with the collection development policies on the same document.
    4. The amount of research papers published or the location of the university has no absolute effect to the pushing of IRs and policy. However, the size or the specialty of the universities has an effect on the easiness of pushing and the choice of information to be archived.

    This research also raises 9 concrete suggestions, as follows:
    1.At the beginning of planning IRs, the policy issues should be concerned.
    2.Learn from universities with similar size, specialty, and to cooperate with institutional needs, in order to make up a suitable policy for the IRs. Then post it on the web for sharing.
    3.With development of the IRs, library staff should adapt to the working pattern, and role play.
    4.Suggest the National Central Library or through plans, to model the British SHERPA/RoMEO, and to investigate the willingness for commercial publishers or non-profit organizations to IRs.
    5.When purchasing electronic journals, universities could ask for the inclusion of self archiving in the license agreement.
    6.Continue to research consortium or national IRs of foreign universities and actually move forward in accomplishing the goal.
    7.Libraries in Taiwan should be concerned with this issue, and could educate library staff by holding seminars, workshops, lectures.
    8.Three suggestions are raised concerning the integrated method for the policies of IRs and the collection development.
    9.In the universities, IRs system could be the tool of serve as a source of evaluation, and could be included as one of the items in the research assessment.
    Appears in Collections:[資訊與圖書館學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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