本論文就研究結果提出如下建議：﹙1﹚建議公共圖書館將爭議性書刊處理條文納入選書政策中。﹙2﹚配合政府採行「圖書分級制度」，並根據年齡採有限度的圖書借閱。﹙3﹚成立「圖書評選小組」審核及檢查資料。﹙4﹚圖書館應針對爭議情形，提出相關處理辦法。﹙5﹚圖書館應與其館員、社區民眾及團體、家長、老師及學生等維持密切關係。﹙6﹚重視選書人員的專業背景並加強專業訓練。﹙7﹚選書人員應藉由廣泛的角度來了解圖書內容。﹙8﹚建議在中國圖書館學會下，成立圖書檢查與知識自由的專責與輔導(助)單位。﹙9﹚確立國內公共圖書館的社會角色。 The main purpose of this study is to discuss the treatments of controversial books in the public libraries in Taipei area. Research were focused on six main themes:(1)Did the public libraries in Taipei area have written selection policies concerning controversial books?(2)What subjects and specific materials are being challenged?(3)Who were the objectors?(4)How did public librarians handle the incidents?(5)The points of judging controversial books and (6)the opinion of the selectors about censorship and the Rating System of Printed Materials. Questionnaires were sent to 75 public libraries in Taipei area, 62 valid questionnaires were returned for a return rate of 82.7 percent. Findings of the survey: (1)A large majority of the selectors responding there is no formal principles of controversial books in selection policies and had not explicit explanations about the subject and material.(2)The most common grounds for objections were sexual and violence and the most offending materials were fiction and comic books;(3)Inside the library, the most frequent sources of complaints were from the colleagues and the most frequent sources of complaints from patrons outside were parents;(4)Nearly sixty percent of materials challenged in public libraries removed from the shelves, access to items was restricted and being labeled were following the resolution;(5)In the question that the angle of judging controversial books, the majority of selectors judged from the picture of front cover or contents, the next judgment is from the phrases or terms;(6)Most of the selectors believed that censorship still existed and agreed to censor. Over 67 percent of public librarians agreed to practice the Rating System of Printed Materials. From the research results, the author would like to make the following suggestions:(1)Each district should have adopted policy for challenged materials ;(2)Implication the Rating System of Printed Materials and access restricted by reader’s age;(3)Developed a censorship board to censor the book and to decide the collection;(4)Public libraries should make the procedure to handle the controversial books;(5)Public libraries should strive to maintain a good rapport with their faculty, parents, students, teacher and the community;(6)Selectors should enhance their knowledge and training in selecting books.(7)Selectors should broad their point of view when selecting books; (8) Recommend founding the committee to be responsible for developing, recommending, and maintaining a total intellectual freedom program; (9) Strengthen the social role of the public library.