|其它题名: ||A study on the use of reading chair in the children's library : from the viewpoint of ergonomics|
|作者: ||伍崇毓;Wu, Chung-yu|
|关键词: ||兒童圖書館;人因工程;人體計測;閱覽座椅;Children’s library;Ergonomics;Anthropometry;Reading Chair|
|上传时间: ||2010-01-11 05:07:01 (UTC+8)|
In addition to elementary school, the children’s library is another good place where children can read and learn. It provides educational function for children, including the ability of reading and thinking.According to the research, sitting posture of children becomes from bad to worse recently, one of the main reasons is children use unsuitable chairs, then lead to wrong sitting posture. Bad posture behavior may lead to musculoskeletal injury, including scoliosis, disc herniation, and low back pain etc. Besides, bad posture behavior also cause nearsightedness and affect efficiency of study. To sum up, it is important to pay attention to this issue and create good reading environment for children in the children’s library.
This research aims to understand the style and size of desks and chairs, posture of children, the consideration patterns when they select reading chairs. Moreover, to understand the situation of children use reading chairs, viewpoint of ergonomics, and their suggestions from surveying children and parents. The methods of this study are literature review, observation, and questionnaires. The research institution is children’s libraries in Taipei, including Children’s Library of Taipei Public Library, National Taiwan Library, Mandarin Daily News. The including criteria of the subject: the age of children is 7 to 12, and their parents.
The total of 72 questionnaires of children and 48 questionnaires of parents were received validly. The research concluded with and implications of the finding. The findings indicate 16 conclusions.
1.Library A provides the most styles and numbers of desks and chairs.
2.Library B provides ergonomics chair.
3.Library C provides chairs which suitable for all grades of children.
4.Children use unsuitable chairs in the children’s library.
5.The sitting posture of children is bad in the children’s library.
6.Children select chairs from considering modeling and color.
7.Parents select chairs from considering the size.
8.Children sit on the chair more frequent than on the floor.
9.Most parents don’t hope their child sit on the floor when reading books.
10.Children consider the most little comfortable chairs are too height or no backrest.
11.Children feel back and leg uncomfortable when sitting on unsuitable chairs.
12.The viewpoint of Human factor of Children is bad, however that of parents is good.
13.Both children and parents adopt passive attitude and action when meeting with unsuitable chairs.
14.Children and parents don’t hope librarian help them find suitable chairs actively.
15.The styles and numbers of suitable chairs are the factors which affect the easiness and satisfaction of children’s find chair.
16.The more correct viewpoint of ergonomics of Children, the less injury of them.
According to the research above, my suggestions are as following:
1.Educate children correct viewpoint of ergonomics.
2.Enhance parents’ good behavior of ergonomics.
3.Parents encourage their child to maintain good sitting posture.
4.Libraries improve equipment of chair and purchase suitable chairs.
5.Children’s libraries hold healthy action about ergonomics education regularly.
6.Children’s libraries have clear space arrangement and distinct guide of suitable chairs.
7.Children’s libraries establish committee of ergonomics plan.
8.Library Association lay down related rules and promote them.