|摘要: ||滿族入關前的許多問題，如八旗制度、汗位的繼承、戰爭的情形等，都已經有過討論，本論文嘗試在這些微觀研究的基礎之上，嘗試以宏觀地角度綜合分析建州女真由小變大，由弱轉強的過程。論述皇太極以集中汗權為主軸，對國家主體意識、典章制度、族群融合以及勢力擴張所做的努力，亦即建州女真（jušen）、滿族（manju uksura）、清朝（daichin gurun）這一相同內涵的組織的連續發展過程。|
There are many problems occurred when Manchu rule China before, such as Eight Banner Unit, succession of han, and the battle situations, etc., which have been discussed previously. In the thesis, I tried to study microscopically and analyze macroscopically the process of how Jianzhou Jurchen had turned itself from small and weak to big and strong, as well as the continuously developing process of Jianzhou Jurchen, Manchu, and the Ch’ing dynasty , which shared the same cultivation and systems.
When we analyzed the process of Huangtaiji’s dominion, we can comprehend how Huangtaiji dealt with the inner challenges and outer crises. The inner challenges were occurred due to Huangtaiji was elected to inherit the sovereignty of han, which was threatened by three beiles, Dai-shan, A-min, and Mang-gu-er-tai. How to centralize the khan authority was indeed a big challenge for Huangtaiji.
Besides, the chaos of national racism was the major issue resulting in social conflicts. Diverse ethnicity, how to cohere consensus and further integrate into a community with the same consciousness were another challenges for Huangtaiji.
The outer crises were occurred because of the threats in security from the Ming Dynasty, Choson Korean, and Mongolia. Huangtaiji at first fought his rivals from inter to outer and then from weak to strong to solve the problems step by step. The First Emperor of the Ch''ing Dynasty integrated the forces of his domain by overcoming all the obstacles, big and small, internal and external, thus successded in developing the Ch''ing forces into a power strong enough to contend China proper with the Ming Dynasty.