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    題名: 清末女學研究
    其他題名: The study of the education for women in the last years of Ching dynasty
    作者: 黃琦雯;Huang, Chi-wen
    貢獻者: 淡江大學歷史學系碩士班
    王樾;Wang, Yueh
    關鍵詞: 清代;女學;女子教育;傳教士;女學堂章程;Ching Dynasty;Education for women;missionary
    日期: 2005
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 05:05:05 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本論文研究的目的在於了解清朝末年女學思想推行的過程。
      先介紹中國傳統的女子教育,以漢、唐、明三朝為代表,並加以探討中國古代女子教育的核心思想,像是男尊女卑、三從四德、貞節觀、女子無才便是德。而中國傳統的女教思想則延續到清朝晚期。
      到了清朝晚期,經歷鴉片戰爭之後的中國,有了重大的改變。西方列強開始進入中國,傳教士為了宗教的目的而來,在積極傳教之餘,也將新思想帶入中國。其中影響最大的就是關於教育的提倡,當然也包括了女子教育。一直以來,中國的女子教育都不受重視,但是在傳教士的影響之下,中國的知識份子對女學的關注與推動便開始積極起來。
      在知識份子的努力之下,中國民間開始興辦起女子學堂,一時之間風起雲湧,女學堂不斷的增加,緊接而來的則是師資的嚴重不足。於是有不少女子到日本留學學習師範教育,以期回到國內為更多女子服務。而師範教育的推展,讓更多中國女子可以得到受教育的機會。最後,清朝政府不得不加快立法的腳步,終於在光緒三十三年(1907年)訂立了「女學堂章程」,讓我國的女子教育有了明確的發展。
    女子教育開啟了清末中國婦女的新生活,讓女子能夠為自己、為家庭、為國家都貢獻出一份心力。
    Title of Thesis: The Study Of The Education For Women In The Last Years Of Ch’ing Dynasty.
    The purpose of the study in this thesis is to understand the procedure ofpromoting the education for women in the last years of Ch’ing Dynasty.From the beginning of the thesis, it introduces the traditional education for
    women in China. In so many dynasties in China, it focuses on the Han Dynasty, the T’ang Dynasty, and the Ming Dynasty. Moreover, it does the exploration research on
    the kernel thoughts of the education for women in ancient China as well. For example,the traditional virtues or concepts such as “male superiority and female inferiority” ,“chastity of women” , “the lack of talent for women is a kind of worshipful behavior”,and “three kinds of submission and four kinds of virtue women
    have to follow”. And the kernel thoughts had been lasted till the last years of the Ch’ing Dynasty. In the last years of the Ch’ing Dynasty, China which had been through the Opium War, had significant changes. At this very moment, the western powerful countries started to come to China. And many missionaries came for the religion purpose. When they made their every effort on preaching their religion beliefs actively, they also brought the new thoughts into China. The new thoughts had had a lot of influences in China, the great and obvious one among them is concerning the promotion of the education, it included the education for women certainly. At all times, the education for women had not been paid attention on in China, however, the intellectuals of China began to pay attention on it and promote it actively due to the
    influence by the missionaries.
    Under the efforts of the intellectuals, women’s school had been set up in folks in China. To follow up the tide, the number of the women’s school had kept increasing.
    Nevertheless, it reflected the shortage of teachers.Therefore, many women went to Japan to study abroad for the education of being teachers so that they could serve more women in China when they finished their education. The promotion of the education of being teachers enabled more Chinese women to have the opportunity to
    be educated. Eventually, the Ch’ing government had to expedite the procedure of legislation, and in1907, “the Regulation of the Women’s School” had been concluded.
    Its achievement is to let the education for women in China obtained clear developments.
    顯示於類別:[歷史學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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