|其他題名: ||The study of the education for women in the last years of Ching dynasty|
|作者: ||黃琦雯;Huang, Chi-wen|
|關鍵詞: ||清代;女學;女子教育;傳教士;女學堂章程;Ching Dynasty;Education for women;missionary|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-11 05:05:05 (UTC+8)|
Title of Thesis: The Study Of The Education For Women In The Last Years Of Ch’ing Dynasty.
The purpose of the study in this thesis is to understand the procedure ofpromoting the education for women in the last years of Ch’ing Dynasty.From the beginning of the thesis, it introduces the traditional education for
women in China. In so many dynasties in China, it focuses on the Han Dynasty, the T’ang Dynasty, and the Ming Dynasty. Moreover, it does the exploration research on
the kernel thoughts of the education for women in ancient China as well. For example,the traditional virtues or concepts such as “male superiority and female inferiority” ，“chastity of women” ， “the lack of talent for women is a kind of worshipful behavior”，and “three kinds of submission and four kinds of virtue women
have to follow”. And the kernel thoughts had been lasted till the last years of the Ch’ing Dynasty. In the last years of the Ch’ing Dynasty, China which had been through the Opium War, had significant changes. At this very moment, the western powerful countries started to come to China. And many missionaries came for the religion purpose. When they made their every effort on preaching their religion beliefs actively, they also brought the new thoughts into China. The new thoughts had had a lot of influences in China, the great and obvious one among them is concerning the promotion of the education, it included the education for women certainly. At all times, the education for women had not been paid attention on in China, however, the intellectuals of China began to pay attention on it and promote it actively due to the
influence by the missionaries.
Under the efforts of the intellectuals, women’s school had been set up in folks in China. To follow up the tide, the number of the women’s school had kept increasing.
Nevertheless, it reflected the shortage of teachers.Therefore, many women went to Japan to study abroad for the education of being teachers so that they could serve more women in China when they finished their education. The promotion of the education of being teachers enabled more Chinese women to have the opportunity to
be educated. Eventually, the Ch’ing government had to expedite the procedure of legislation, and in1907, “the Regulation of the Women’s School” had been concluded.
Its achievement is to let the education for women in China obtained clear developments.