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    Title: 漢代玉璧研究
    Other Titles: The study of jade pi disc within Han dynasty
    Authors: 陳俊成;Chen, Chun-cheng
    Contributors: 淡江大學歷史學系碩士在職專班
    黄建淳
    Keywords: 玉璧;型式;分期;製作工法;紋飾特徵;使用功能;Jade pi disc;Type;Stages;Productive method;Pattern characters;Use function
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 05:04:14 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 玉器在中國文化歷史上佔有極為重要之地位,而玉璧又為個中翹楚,貫穿了中國整個用玉之歷史,玉璧是中國數量最多之禮玉,是型式多樣變化複雜之禮玉,也是使用時間最長久、範圍最廣泛之玉器。發展至漢代一朝,其在政治、文化、科技上的發達,賦予了漢代玉璧不同於前朝之輝煌與燦爛,無論在數量或品質上,漢代玉璧無疑是中國玉器史上的一座高峰,對其展開研究也具有重要之價值。
    本文運用考古學中類型學之方法,對漢代大型墓葬出土玉璧進行統一之歸納和整理,介紹玉璧出土情況,劃分型式和分期,並在此基礎上,分區域進行詳細描述,希望能顯示出漢代玉璧之整體面向與型態。本文更進一步對漢代玉璧進行型式上的區分,並整理其區域間之異同,考量兩漢玉璧傳承與發展之相互關聯,歸結漢代玉璧之特點。且在此基礎上,兼論玉璧之製作工法、紋飾特徵及使用功能,希望能夠對未來漢代玉璧之研究提供基礎性的借鑒。
    第一章「緒論」:闡述研究旨趣,文獻探討,研究方法。
    第二章「漢代玉璧的考古學研究」:整理西漢、東漢大型墓葬玉璧出土之情形,歸納出考古玉璧之特點,並探討漢代玉璧象徵之階級與地位。
    第三章「兩漢玉璧的分期及類型研究」:進行類型學研究中,依時代之差異將玉璧分為東漢及西漢兩大時段,再依其出土地點將每個時間段之玉璧分為九大區系,以區域為單位,為了體現區域間之差異和關聯,則在每一種玉璧型式後標明玉璧所屬之「式」,並分析漢代玉璧常見之紋飾。
    第四章「漢代玉璧的功能研究」:漢代玉璧之功能在祭祀及喪葬活動中體現,反映當時社會對神仙思想之信仰,且玉璧材質珍貴稀有,亦具有象徵財富之作用,並延伸出饋贈、賞賜功能,而小型之系璧乃具有佩戴裝飾之功能。
    第五章「結論」:總結全文,且略申己見。
    The history of jade is interwoven within Chinese history. Carvings made from jade throughout Chinese cultural history have represented social status, and within jade cultural history, the jade pi disc ranks amongst the most important. The jade pi disc has always carried great mystical and spiritual significance. As a part of complex rituals, the jade pi disc has been a long-time representative of Chinese culture as noted by its frequent appearance and wide variety throughout time. Within the widespread scope of jade carvings, the jade pi disc represents artistic and historical discovery and inspiration of the highest order and magnitude.

    In the Han Dynasty, jade played an important role in politics, cultural, and technical development. Jade carvings from the Han Dynasty are noticeably different fromthose of previous dynasties in their magnificence and artistic value. As such, the jade pi discs from the Han Dynasty represent a peak in Chinese jade carving history and are worthy of further research.

    This article utilizes the archeology method of the typology , and through research and the reorganization of data derived from large-scale archeology digs of Han Dynasty grave sites introduces a new way of looking at jade pi discs unearthed at various locations within certain regions.

    By gathering data that was previously divided into historical stages, geographical regions and specific grave sites and by analyzing the derived description of jade objects found throughout the data, this paper hopes to demonstrate the status of jade within the whole of the Han Dynasty and more importantly the significance of the jade pi disc. By reorganizing the previously collected data by regional similarities and differences and cross-correlating it with specific characteristic of uncovered Han Dynasty jade pi discs such as decorative design in utensil characteristics and use function, this paper hopes to provide a foundational model that can be used for future research of jade pi disc from the Han Dynasty.

    The first chapter, “Introduction”: elaborates the idea behind the research, discusses the literature from which the research is derived, and describes the research techniques used.

    The second chapter, “The Study of Jade Pi Disc within Han Dynasty ”, reorganizes the comprehensive data from the Western and Eastern Han Dynasty large-scale grave site digs and segments the archeology data into jade category, and specifically jade pi discs. Additional data is extracted by analyzing the digs data for descriptive characteristics to reveal social class and the status and function al information as it pertains to Han Dynasty jade pi disc symbol.

    The third chapter, “Analysis of Chinese jades pi disc by stages and type research”: Using the typology research method, which divides jade pi discs into two major time intervals Eastern Han Dynasty and the Western Han Dynasty. The data is further divided into nine distinct regional districts in order to take into account regional differences.

    The fourth chapter, further categorizes “Han Dynasty jade pi discs” by function . The function of the Han Dynasty jade pi discs are manifested in sacrificial offering and funeral activities. Because of the precious and rare nature of the jade, societal beliefs elevated jade pi discs not only as worthy of “heavenly matters” but in other situations, the jade pi disc functioned to symbolize wealth and also decorative uses as accessory jewelry functions.

    The fifth chapter concludes by summarizing the key highlights from the full text, and illustrates the opinion of the writer of this paper.
    Appears in Collections:[歷史學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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