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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/34232

    Title: 北宋東宮官之研究
    Other Titles: A study of Dong-gong-guan in northern Sung dynasty
    Authors: 楊景森;Yang, Ching-sen
    Contributors: 淡江大學歷史學系碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 北宋;東宮官;建儲;皇太子;詹事;庶子;Northern Sung Dynasty;Dong-Gong-Guan;The crown prince;The heir apparent;Chan-shih;Shu-Jzu
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 05:04:11 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 兩漢的東宮官制仍未成熟,經魏晉南北朝不斷修改制訂,至唐代,東宮組織已臻完整、龐大,其功能猶如一個小朝廷。唐代皇太子常是指定而不固定,屢立屢廢,政爭不斷的結果影響了後來東宮制度的發展。
    The Dong-Gong-Guan (East Palace Officer) System in (Eastern and Western) Han Dynasties had been immature; however, through the amendments and reinstitution in Wei-Jin Northern and Southern Dynasties, the Dong-Gong System in Tang Dynasty was complete and vast with the function as if a miniature of the Court. In Tang Dynasty, the heir apparent used to be specified without a firm foundation, leading to the repeated establishment and cancellation thereof. The constant political struggles have hereby impacted the afterward development of the Dong-Gong System.
    The Court in Sung Dynasty inherited the political system in Tang Dynasty, so the central official system resembled that in Tang Dynasty. However, the Court in Sung Dynasty took the Dong-Gong-Guan System in Tang Dynasty as the mirror and learnt from the political intervention of Dong-Gong on politics and pertinent affairs in Tang Dynasty, so the Court adopted the different educational foci and design ideas for heirs apparent and thus abolished the Dong-Gong System used in Tang Dynasty. This paper inquires the educational policies and objectives for heirs apparent in Northern Sung Dynasty at the perspective of imperial succession attitudes to realize the property of the crown prince system in Northern Sung Dynasty and further to discourse the imperial educational ideas, design contents and enforced manners for heirs apparent. The heir apparent accepted Tsong-shue (classical learning) and Tzu-Shan Tang (good quality) education in the childhood for future political succession. Hence, the imperial educational ideas for the heir apparent from classical education and good-quality education to the succession to political powers were handled by the imperial educational officers. First, the educational foci for heirs apparent in Northern Sung Dynasty stressed the Confucius classical books and character education instead of practical political training. Second, the political significance of setup for future political succession is explored by the service engagement of Dong-Gong-Guan (officers) and the source of courtiers. Finally, heirs apparent in Northern Sung Dynasty had been educated in Dong-Gong for an extreme short term since the educational foci stressed non-political training. That is, only few concurrent functional officers / officials aided materially the heir apparent at the moment of setting up the crown prince. At other times, Dong-Gong posts were granted as the awards from the imperial grace and deemed as the official present system for key courtiers to occupy the posts in the Court of which the objectives include the imperial control over courtiers and encouragement and rewards for officers and officials, and the channel for lower courtiers to advance qualification for spreading a road to official career for offspring.
    This paper expects to present deeper political realization of Dong-Gong-Guan in Northern Sung Dynasty and thus contributes to the institutional history of Northern Sung Dynasty.
    Appears in Collections:[歷史學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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