馬來西亞的少數民族（minority nationalities）與原住民對多元主義的語言政策（pluralist language policy）之要求逐漸強烈；這種訴求對仍在實行族群同化（assimilation）或融合政策（integration）的政府構成嚴峻的挑戰。本文先揭示馬來西亞語言規劃的目的、意識型態及其方法論，以及其形成的歷史、政治與社會結構因素。其次說明語言規劃對弱勢族群母語使用和發展之影響，進而解釋語言規劃的目的和弱勢族群語言人權訴求之間的衝突；最後指出語言規劃的缺失並提出改善的建議。內容分為九章，分列如下：
Ethnic conflict caused by language issues is one of the characteristics of nation-state nowadays. National language policy which representing the interest of dominance ethnic often neglected linguistic human rights of ethnic minorities. Language conflicts in Malaysia have being serious, since almost major ethnic conflicts and political issues have been and are still related with language issues. Causes of language conflicts on one hand have originated from diversity of language, on the other hand have caused by complicated relation within language, politics and ethnic identity, or it may be called the language politics. Minority nationalities and indigenous people of Malaysia is demanding a pluralist language policy. For Malaysian government who is still implementing policy of assimilation or integration on ethnic minorities, these plights are posing a great challenge.
This dissertation initially aims at exposing the objectives, ideology and methodology of language planning in Malaysia, and the historical, political and social structural elements constitute it. Secondly, it explains the impact of language planning on the use and development of ethnic minorities languages, and analyze the conflict between the objectives of language planning and plights of linguistic human rights. Finally, some drawbacks of Malaysia language planning are pointed out and recommendation are made to overcome the problems.
The thesis are divided into 9 parts stated as bellows:
First chapter clarify the definition and history of language planning, explaining two major approaches and their theoretical basis in the studies of language planning. Limitation of traditional concepts on human rights will be explored and the idea of language diversity and linguistic human rights will be introduced. Finally, an examination and evaluation on previous studies of language planning of Malaysia are carried out.
Chapter two introduces the history and recent situation of socio-linguistic profile of various language groups in Malaysia. The history of transmission and development of Malay language would also be explained.
The third chapter sort out major language conflicts in Malaysia and explain their historical, political and structural causes.
Chapter four explain the two major factors threatening language diversity of Malaysia. Factor one is monolingualism, ideology of nation-state and Malay nationalism who aim to assimilate ethnic minorities, they are implemented through language policy, education policy and cultural policy. Another factor is globalization of English or the so-called English Hegemony, which create an ambiguity of ethnic identity amongst various ethnic.
Chapter five describes the implementation of language policy and education policy and the use or restriction of languages of multi-languages mass media in Malaysia.
Chapter six analyses the impact of language planning on mother tongue education and development of ethnic minority languages. The implications on public sphere of mother tongue would also be explained.
Chapter seven identifies the complicated relationships of language politics of Malaysia through analyzing the concepts of language, politics and ethnic identity.
Chapter eight points out various drawback of language planning in Malaysia and make some concrete suggestions.
Besides conclusion, chapter nine proposes some recommendations for future studies.