|摘要: ||企業在面對市場需求的快速變化、產品生命週期大幅縮短，以及全球化競爭等多重壓力下，為了提升競爭力，莫不致力於企業資源規劃系統（Enterprise Resource Planning，以下簡稱ERP）的導入，雖然目前國內企業對於ERP能提昇企業面對日益複雜的競爭環境的能力均有所體認，但對於如何能成功導入ERP的途徑卻仍無法完全掌控。
When facing multiple stresses that include rapid change of market demands, extensive reduction of product life cycles, and intensive global competition, enterprises strive to implement ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) to improve their competitiveness. Although domestic enterprises realize that ERP can improve their capability in coping with the competitive environment under progressive complications, none can completely grasp the successful path for the implementation of ERP.
“The Laying Plan” is the first chapter of the military treatise Art of War written by Sun Tzu, the master of war in Chinese history. Knowing the five fundamentals and seven stratagems in the chapter could help in the detection of the rate of success, in advance. Similarly, the information system introduced by the enterprise also requires a thorough analysis and comparison of internal and external conditions of the entire company in advance, in order to compensate for any insufficiencies, prevent damage from adverse factors and enhance the probability of a successful implementation.
The principal essence derived from the five fundamentals and seven stratagems in the Art of War involves the evaluation of the five fundamental elements of military capabilities prior to initiating war. In conjunction with the assessment and comparison of the advantages and disadvantages conditions of the seven situations throughout the war, one can easily comprehend the status (success or failure) of war. In this study, the aim was to apply the thorough structure of the criterion of the five fundamentals and seven stratagems in the Art of War to assess the probability of winning of war through the development of a measurement scale that is more thorough and helpful in measuring the relevant key factors involved in introducing ERP system for enterprises. Relevant studies, over the last 6 years, on domestic and international ERP implementation in regard to the key success factors, were referred to first. These key factors were then compared and analyzed with items of the five fundamentals and seven stratagems in the Art of War, so that the applicability and coverage of such the five fundamentals and seven stratagems in the Art of War as an measurement and evaluation structure of the key factors of ERP implementation could be discussed, and a measurement scale for the key factors in the implementation of an ERP system could also be developed accordingly. Next, senior ERP project managers from five well-known enterprises with successful experience of ERP implementation were interviewed in depth to confirm the feasibility of the scale and to collect values of comparative reference for items on the scale. The results indicated that after compiling, analyzing and modifying the relevant data obtained from interviews by experts and scholars, the derived measurement scale, based on the five fundamentals and seven stratagems of the Art of War for the key factors of ERP implementation, can provide more thorough measurements for enterprises when they introduce the ERP system. The scale is also more helpful for enterprises to clearly grasp the advantages and disadvantages in regard to the ERP implementation, and thus enhances the rate of success in the implementation of ERP.