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    題名: 高速公路電子收費系統政策之變遷:演化觀點
    其他題名: The policy change of electronic toll collection system : an evolutionary perspective
    作者: 張喬怡;Chang, Chiao-yi
    貢獻者: 淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班
    陳恆鈞;Chen, Hen-chin
    關鍵詞: 政策變遷;高速公路電子收費系統;個人;利益;機構;理念;Policy Change;ETC;individuals;insititutions;ideas
    日期: 2007
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 04:47:02 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究在探討高速公路電子收費系統政策,影響其政策演化的因素為何?藉由個案研究與政策變遷理論的結合,尋找政策變遷的因素。除了個案研究外,並藉由質化訪談來驗證理論。理論部分先介紹政策變遷的概念、類型及理由,之後一一敘述相關的政策變遷理論,再說明本研究所採取的政策變遷理論。個案為高速公路電子收費系統(Electronic Toll Collection;ETC)以下簡稱ETC政策,歷經十年規劃、招商、建置、開通,ETC政策從規劃到執行階段卻因為各種因素,由國營轉為BOT(Build-Operate-Transfer;興建營運移轉),轉為BOT後,亦有相當多的爭論、弊案傳出,本章將介紹ETC政策的歷史沿革,試圖從中尋找政策變遷的影響因素,希望能對未來的ETC政策有所貢獻。ETC政策前後規劃達十年之久,歷經中華電信預算被刪,改採BOT決策轉折,到後來由遠通取得最優申請人,但在二OO六年二月二十四日卻遭高等行政法院撤銷最優申請人資格,在二OO六年八月三日更被最高行政法院認定ETC政策當初的招標違反公平、平等原則,ETC案必須重新招標。將個案與理論相結合,發現理念、個人、利益與機構是相互影響,並無任何一個因素是絕對的自變項或依變項。在ETC政策變遷的過程中,較易觀察的因素為「個人因素」及「機構因素」,原因是因為個人和機構會有外顯的行為,而利益和理念則隱藏在作為中。最後在最後一章說明研究發現與政策建議。
    Using case study and policy change theory, this paper mainly analysis which
    factor affects ETC policy change? The theory first introduces the concept of policy
    change, the type and the reasons for change, and then narratives the 4I model which
    was adopted in this paper.
    The ETC policy from plans to carry out the stage actually because of each kind of
    factor, by state-operated transfers BOT. After transferring BOT, it also induces many
    arguments. Following chapters focus on introducing the historical evolution of the
    ETC policy. By seeking influential factors, this paper hopes that could contribute to
    future studying of ETC policy.
    The ETC policy almost last for ten years, through the Chinese telecommunication
    budget-cutting, changes picks the BOT decision-making transition, to afterwards by far
    passed obtains the most superior applicant, but actually suffered the Higher
    Administrative Court on February 24th. 2006 to abolish the most superior applicant
    qualifications. The Highest Administrative Court recognized that the ETC policy
    tender violated the equal principle fairly On August 3rd. 2006, therefore the ETC
    document must tender again.
    By unifying the document and the theory, this paper finds that the ideas,
    individuals, the interests and the institutions will mutually affect. In the ETC policy
    change process, comparatively is easy the factor which observes is "individual’s factor"
    and "the institutions factor", the main reasons are individuals and institutions have
    apparent behavior, but the interests and the ideas hide in the achievement. Finally, the
    last chapter explains the find out of this research and promotes some suggestions for future study
    顯示於類別:[公共行政學系暨研究所] 學位論文


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