The phrase “Smile, You are on CCTV” brings out the issue that nowadays is an era of ubiquitous closed circuit television (CCTV) systems. No matter where people go, they will find pairs of electronic eyes monitoring and recording their behaviors 24 hours a day. Places such as the convenient stores, financial institutions, public transportation system, campus, parks, streets or alleys, and communities, are commonly installed with such devices. This phenomenon has been widely accepted by the public, which even becomes the political campaign or political performance from the candidates for public office. One of the major reasons for installing CCTV system is purported for law and order. In the incident where people are wrongfully harmed, video from CCTV systems can be accessed and served as evidence for protecting the victims.
The thesis reviews on the existing literature for collation and analysis, in exploration of the development of surveillance society theories and the relationship between CCTV systems, information privacy and basic human rights. Subsequently, the thesis discusses the development and experiences from England, USA and Singapore in implementing CCTV systems, in addition to the issues arising from.
Moreover, the thesis further studies on the current situations and issues between the implementation and information privacy of the domestic CCTV systems, through development and policy for promotion of our domestic CCTV systems, standards related to laws, in addition to conducting interview with the head of neighborhood, public and the human rights groups for their view and perspectives.
The thesis has discovered the followings: 1.The management and maintenance of CCTV systems lacks adequate funding; 2.Incomplete laws and regulations. For example, is it not clearly stipulated in the authorization in Section 10 of Police Duties Enforcement Act and Computer-processed Data Protection Act on CCTV, and unclear authorization in the administrative rules of local governments; 3. The public does not consider installing CCTV systems in public places as an invasion to privacy, nonetheless their main concern emphasizes on the purpose of law and order.