The main theme of the research is to explore the value conflict between the survival rights of indigenous people and environmental ethics, and take the Maqaw National Park for example, which is now still an on-progressing proposal. Under the authoritarian regime, the authorities did not ask indigenous people for opinion about how to plan and use the lands before building up the Maqaw National Park; in addition, there were many provisions which restrict indigenous peoples’ daily life, such as hunting, fishing and gathering, etc, therefore, these provisions had caused impacts on indigenous peoples’ basic rights, like survival right, activity right, culture right and the right of aboriginal reserved lands.
Since the termination of the martial law, the political-economic environment has changed a lot and the indigenous movements have raised and flourished, however, the indigenous people who live in these mountain national parks-Yushan National Park, Taroko National Park and Shei-Pa National Park-constantly have conflicts with the National Park Administrations. And this research will mainly discuss some questions as follows:
1. To find out why it is difficult to operate the Maqaw National Park proposal?
2. According to the view of advocacy coalition framework and value conflict theory, how can we settle down the value conflicts between the survival rights of indigenous people and environmental ethics?
This research will use literature review, interview method and Nvivo research software and try to use triangulation method to analyze what are the factors that give rise to these conflicts. The research first finds that building up a national park in the indigenous traditional area is not only affecting indigenous peoples’ living habits, but also having impacts on the transmission of the culture; secondly, the research explores whether the national park is situated in a town with sightseeing spots or not will give rise to disagreements of building up the national park; thirdly, the research discuss how to make the co-management mechanism practicable to protect the original rights and benefits of the indigenous people; finally, the research will consider about the problems of the integration between the forestry bureau and the national parks.