|題名: ||公私協力機制之探討 : 以台灣石化工業為例|
|其他題名: ||The analysis of the mechanism of public-private collaboration : the case of Taiwan's petrochemical industry|
公私協力機制之探討 : 以臺灣石化工業為例
|作者: ||李怡萱;Li, Yi-hsuan|
|關鍵詞: ||公私協力;夥伴關係;石化工業;公私協力機制;public-private collaboration;partnership;petrochemical industry;the mechanism of public-private collaboration|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-11 04:42:54 (UTC+8)|
Currently petrochemical industry in Taiwan meets many limitations in development and difficulties. In the past, the total output value of petrochemical industry accounted for one third of the entire manufacture industry. Glory products have gone. We cannot ignore that petrochemical industry is significantly related to the daily necessities, supports modern consumer electronic components, expands overseas markets and grabs the market in China. Therefore, it is necessary to advance petrochemical industry actively.
The era of government leading petrochemical policies and plant making came to an end When Formosa Plastics Group prepared the sixth program. It is replaced by the private operators with immense capital to actively build petrochemical plants. As a result, it is necessary for the government to take opinions of private businesses into consideration when planning and executing petrochemical policies.
Although the private sector has the ability to build large petrochemical plants, national resources and policy tool still belong to the government. Under the characteristics of petrochemical industry, private businesses are unable to complete the program single-handedly. Thus planning and execution of petrochemical programs require collaboration of the government and private businesses at the same time.
With collaboration related theories discussion, the researcher proposes the analysis structure of the Mechanism of Public-Private Collaboration with in-depth interviews and reviewing current petrochemical policies. The study reviews the interaction among actors such as the government, petrochemical business operators and other actors involved, whether the conditions of the mechanism of public-private collaboration are available. If not, how shall both the public and private sectors enhance the conditions? The purpose of establishing public-private collaboration mechanism in this study is to have the mechanism develop the function to serve as a way to solve petrochemical industry problems.
The findings are as follows: 1) the government and business operators have smooth communication channels. The former are able to find the proper contact when seeking resources from the government. 2) Change of the government to accept business operators’ opinions when planning policies and the close interaction of the two helps build the collaboration relationship between the two; yet, although the government plays an important role in developing petrochemical policies, the petrochemical industry development is stagnation due to incapability of the government and insufficient incentives of some policy tools. 3) In the event of controversies blocking proceeding of petrochemical programs, the Petrochemical Association can negotiate with actors.
The findings show the advantages and insufficiencies of current establishment of the mechanism of public-private collaboration. Therefore, the study suggests conditions of the analysis structure be enhanced in order to establish a more comprehensive mechanism and achieve the goals of successful policies and program operations: 1) decision conditions are available and both the public and private sectors are suggested to maintain a long-term interaction relationship. 2) The government shall be more specific in the policy goals and execution standards, and hold more formal discussions to meet content of operation conditions. 3) The two sectors do not have normative conditions. Barriers of the program execution can not be removed as a result. “Agreement” is required to specify the program execution content and ensure the responsibilities of the action takers, including the duly execution of government public power. 4) Lack of moral conditions does not only make intervention of political and individual elements obstacles but also make action takers suspicious and unwilling to give when executing the programs. All these factors affect the results of collaboration activities.