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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/33934

    Title: 影響臺灣民眾政治容忍因素之分析
    Other Titles: Analyzing political tolerance in Taiwan
    Authors: 龔強;Kung, Chiang
    Contributors: 淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班
    林聰吉;Lin, Tsong-jyi
    Keywords: 政治容忍;威脅認知;標的團體;political tolerance;perceived threat;target group
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 04:41:45 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 所謂的政治容忍,係指對於自己不同意或不喜歡的主張或團體,仍然願意尊重其發表意見與活動的權利。在Dahl的主張中,多元政體(polyarchy)的構成要素除了選舉制度方面的要求外,最重要的就是公民自由。所謂的公民自由即是指所有人民均有權參與任何政治團體,也均有表達言論的自由。因此,公民自由便以政治容忍的面貌呈現,故政治容忍亦成為民主政體是否能夠成為Dahl所稱「多元政體」的重要因素。
    台灣近年來歷經一連串民主轉型的過程,雖然透過選舉產生政治菁英已經成為台灣社會的普遍價值,但隨著族群議題不斷發酵,不同意見的群體之間產生衝突已非偶發事件。我們可以透過對於政治容忍的分析,瞭解台灣在民主轉型的過程中,是否逐漸向民主鞏固(democracy consolidate)的狀態邁進?
    Political tolerance is defined by the willingness to respect the right of other people or groups to express opinions and to hold activities even when we do not agree with their opinions or like the other people or group.According to Dahl theory, the main factor for the formation of polyarchy is freedom for the citizens, in addition to voting system requirements and regulations. Freedom for the citizens is defined as the right for all citizens to join any political group and to have the freedom of speech. Therefore, freedom for the citizens is illustrated via political tolerance. Political tolerance is becoming the main factor in determining whether a democratic political entity can become what Dahl refers to as polyarchy.
    In recent years, Taiwan has experienced a series of democratic transformation events. Even though the creation of core politicians through elections has become the popular view in Taiwanese society, conflicts caused by different opinions between various groups are not rare occurrences because of the amplifying ethnicity issues caused by persistent discussions around ethnicity differences.Through the analysis of political tolerance, we can understand whether Taiwan is marching towards the democracy consolidate state through the series of democratic transformation events.
    This paper intends to analyze the seven factors influencing political tolerance level of people in Taiwan through two points of view, society background and political attitude.In order to research political tolerance, the studies from previous scholars indicate that the research subjects’ perceiving of the threats of existence for targeted groups is the prerequisite. Therefore, the focus of second chapter of this paper is to understand the group choices that people of Taiwan make.The results of the analysis concludes that the majority of the research subjects still thinks both “Independence of Taiwan ideology” and “Two Systems Under One Country Ideology” causes them threats.Furthermore, the younger and more educated the research subjects are, the more precise the group choice.
    After confirming the distribution of group choices that people of Taiwan make, the paper further analysis the factors influencing political tolerance level of people in Taiwan.The research shows, education level, threat perceiving, and democratic values have the most distinct influence.The higher the education level and democratic values, the most tolerant they are towards the groups.On the other hand, the higher the threat perceiving, the lower the political tolerance.The results are in line with the conclusions of researches in the past.But, other factors like provincial origin and identification with political parties have less influence that expected.This may possibly indicate the political differences caused by society background differences are calming down.The increases in education level and the spreading democratic values may have positive impacts to increase the political tolerance level for people of Taiwan. The level of education represents the degree of socialization, the level of education higher, representative''s its socialization degree is also higher, and the educational content also can be turned in people heart deeply more in.If the value of democracy can match with an educational content, then along with the exaltation of level of education, value of democracy also the ability rooteds in people heart through the process of socialization in.Particularly be exist in the society obvious of threat perceiving and target group, people for should threaten perceiving and target group of political is tolerant of the degree reduce.Then can make through the popularization of the value of democracy only people at since the threat perceiving for saving under, still maintain the political tolerance of certain degree to the target group.And want value of democracy popularization, then can through educate with the process of carrying on the value of democracy socialization.
    Appears in Collections:[公共行政學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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