English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 52047/87178 (60%)
Visitors : 8703352      Online Users : 83
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/33809

    Title: 地區公路汽車客運營運路網設計策略之研究
    Other Titles: A strategy for rural bus route network design
    Authors: 彭億玟;Peng, Yin-wen
    Contributors: 淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班
    張勝雄;Chang, Sheng-hsiung
    Keywords: 地區公路汽車客運;路網設計策略;車輛排程問題;Rural Bus;Network Design;Vehicle Routing Problem
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 04:33:57 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 由於政府服務虧損補貼數額不足,加以客運需求日益減少,部分地區之公路客運業者因不堪長期虧損,而提出部分偏遠服務路線於營運期限屆滿後不續營,而路線不續營將無法滿足受限搭乘者之民行需求。雖然,客運業者僅提出部分路線停駛的要求。但考慮偏遠地區服務的公平性與可能的路網密度經濟,仍應依其旅次起迄需求量,提出完整的路網設計方案。故本研究擬就供給面導向探討「如何在滿足現有路網中所有起迄需求量下,提供必要的營運路線」,並以最小業者總營運成本為路網設計策略目標,而後加入使用者總成本予以評估總系統成本之差異。
    Many rural bus services are forced to close due to insufficient subsidy. However,
    the essential public transportation services are still expected to provide in rural area
    especially for the incapable, elderly, and young people. The network of bus service
    can affect the operation efficiency and cost. The objective of this study is to redesign
    the rural bus route network in order to reduce the operation cost and release the
    financial pressure of government subsidy.
    The OD patterns and travel demand characteristics of passengers in rural areas
    are analyzed in the study. The results show that most of the OD patterns of rural bus
    service are few-to-many, which are similar to school and commuter buses services.
    Then, the abstract model- Vehicle Routing Problem used in school bus services is
    modified to be a fundamental model to design new rural bus network.
    Kaohsiung County is chose to be an empirical study area. Several new bus
    networks are designed according to the OD table and different operation constraints.
    The results show that Bus Company can save more than 23% of total system cost due
    to reduce the total bus kilometers. For low demand area, two services strategies, they
    are ‘direct route with low frequency’ and ‘trunk-transfer route with high frequency’
    are evaluated in the study. The penalty cost causes the direct service is better than
    transfer service in rural bus services. Beside, the study finds that the bus with capacity
    less than 30 seats per bus is not economical for conventional rural bus services.
    Appears in Collections:[運輸管理學系暨研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback