|其他題名: ||Exploring the difference among leadership style, organizational culture and leadership effectiveness of the armed forces|
|作者: ||李玉環;Li, Yu-huan|
王居卿;Wang, Chu-ching;何錦堂;Ho, Giin-tarng
|關鍵詞: ||領導型態;組織文化;領導效能;Leadership Style;Organizational Culture;Leadership Effectiveness|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-11 04:16:53 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||有效領導技巧因組織而不同，有許多領導者在這一組織中成功，但轉換到另一組織後就失敗了；因此，領導者必須待在適合的組織中，才能發揮他的領導效能。以國軍陸、海、空三軍而言，因任務、特性及作戰地位不盡相同，致其目標也有所不同。基此，本研究旨在探討國軍作戰部隊領導型態之為何，及產生組織文化之差異，以發揮最高的領導效能。本研究的目的有：(一) 分析國軍陸、海、空軍其領導型態之差異與對領導效能的影響；(二) 探討國軍陸、海、空軍之組織文化類型及其差異；及(三) 探討國軍陸、海、空軍之組織文化對領導型態與領導效能之影響。|
本研究以國軍陸、海、空三軍之作戰部隊為抽樣對象，而研究的主要變項為：(一)領導型態；(二)組織文化；及(三)領導效能。本研究採用問卷調查去蒐集資料，以便利抽樣方式進行抽樣，取得 297 份有效問卷，再依調查所獲得的資料進行統計分析，其方法包括：敘述性統計分析、信度分析、迴歸分析、單因子變異數分析及Scheffe 事後比較，主要研究發現歸納成下列幾點：
The effectiveness of leadership skill may be different in different organizations. Many leaders who found success in one organization, may fail in another. It is therefore important for leaders to remain in an organization that suits for them. Take the Armed Forces-including the army, the navy, and the air force-as the example, their targets depend on what kinds of tasks they take, what styles and war positions they have. Therefore, this research sets out with a discussion to see what types of leadership styles our Armed Forces adopt, and how different organizational culture a leadership style leads to. Most importantly, to find out how these factors contribute to high leadership effectiveness.
The research aims to deal with three issues. First, analyze the leadership type of the Armed Forces, and discuss how leadership effectiveness would be affected by different types of leadership. Second, look into the organizational culture of the Armed Forces, and compare their differences. Third, discuss how the organizational culture in the Armed Forces influences the leadership types and leadership effectiveness. The research will take our Armed Forces, including the army, the navy, and the air force as the object for sampling. In addition, three main variables I will take into consideration in this research are as follows: firstly, types of leadership styles, and secondly, organizational culture, and finally, leadership effectiveness.
The field research will be conducted by using questionnaires to collect data for sampling. Expectedly, there will two hundred and ninety-seven copies of effective questionnaires sampled for statistic analysis. The methods used in analysis are many, including descriptive statistical analysis, reliability analysis, regression analysis, one-way ANOVA analysis, and the comparison with Scheffe post-hoc method.
The following conclusions may be drawn from this research.
1.In the army force the style leadership type is of
transactional leadership, whereas in the navy and the
air force, they tend to follow transformational
leadership style. The research also shows that the
leadership style adopted by each of the Armed Forces has
an apparent positive influence on leadership
2.Their organizational cultures are different, in that the
army force is established by hierarchy; where as the
navy and the air forces tend to form a clan.
3.The organizational culture of each of the Armed Forces
has a positive influence on leadership styles and