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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/33494

    Title: 管理者領導特質與組織之適配性探討--動物生態隱喻法
    Other Titles: Exploring the fitness between managers' personality in leadership and organization: metaphor of animal ecology
    Authors: 張湘萍;Chang, Hsiang-ping
    Contributors: 淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班
    王居卿;Wang, Chu-ching;楊立人;Yang, Li-ren
    Keywords: 生態觀點;隱喻;組織文化;人格特質;組織結構;Ecological Perspective;metaphor;Organizational Culture;personality traits;Organizational Structure
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 04:12:24 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究採用動物生態隱喻法建構管理者領導特質與組織適配之概念性模式。藉由動物生態理論將組織結構與組織文化比喻為組織內的生態環境,將管理者人格特質、組織文化及組織結構階層進行適配;亦即,去探討組織中的各階層管理者如何在物競天擇、優勝劣敗的生態環境中生存。管理者人格特質以管理者領導特質系統Professional Dynametric Programs (PDP)的五種動物:老虎、孔雀、無尾熊、貓頭鷹及變色龍做為分類;組織文化則分為官僚型、創新型與支持型三種類別;而組織結構依金字塔組織層級之高階、中階、基層管理者及組織員工而分。
    This study used the metaphor of animal ecology to build the conceptual models for the managers’ Personality in leadership and organization fitness. It takes organizational structure and organization culture as the ecological environment on the inside of an organization through animal ecological theory. This study tries to find the best fitness among manager’s personality traits, organization culture and organizational structure; that is to say, it discusses that the manager of each level how to survive in the ecological environment. The personality traits of manager can be grouped into several types - tiger, peacock, koalas, owl, and chameleon by the PDP (Professional Dynametric Programs). Organization culture is sorted to be three classifications - hureaucracy, innovation and support. Organizational structure is divided into several levels - top, middle, first-line level and employee.
    In this research, we collect extensive literature in according to the qualitative way and then exploring the fitness between managers’ personality in leadership and organization with the concept of the five elements by analogy.
    1.When it talks about the managers’ Personality in leadership fitness from each level in an organization, the relationship between leader ad employees should find each other’s complementarity, but not the same personality.
    2.The strength of manager’s personality will have influence on the fitness between manager and organization.
    3.The portfolio of the best fitness between organization culture and managers’ personality in leadership is as following:
    (1)Innovative culture -tiger and chameleon.
    (2)Supportive culture - peacock.
    (3)Bureaucratic culture - koalas and owl.
    4.The portfolio of the worst fitness between organization culture and managers’ personality in leadership is as following:
    (1)Bureaucratic culture - top and middle management who belong to tiger style.
    (2)Bureaucratic culture - top and middle management who belong to peacock style.
    (3)Innovative and supportive culture - top management who belong to owl style.
    (4)Innovative and supportive culture – top management who belong to koalas style.
    5.When management try to survive in organization, the way to lead employees will make a big difference by individual character.
    (1)Management who is tiger style will take beneficial way to themselves.
    (2)Management who is peacock style will take good relationship as first choice.
    (3)Management who is koalas style will lead employees by their authority power.
    (4)Management who is owl style will use precise analysis to lead people as their leadership style.
    (5)Management who is chameleon style will lead followers through the adapter of organization culture.
    Appears in Collections:[企業管理學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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