政府各機關之專案採購之最終目標在於滿足機關與廠商相互間之要求及利益，因此廠商都了解，採購機關最大的利益，應是以最有效的方式，以最低廉或最合理的價格，決標給最好的廠商。有鑒於過去採最低價決標之種種缺失，政府採購法納入了「最有利標」之決標方式，允許採購主辦機關依單位特性，在價格之外另行訂定其他評選項目，期望以綜合評選的方式整體考量廠商各方面的能力，選出最合適廠商承作。 隨著整體環境的改變，及人民需求的不斷提高，政府經營績效的壓力與日遽增。尤其近年來政府財政拮据，以公共利益為基本考量的政府採購中，公平合理的競標選商可謂左右採購業務成敗之要素。配合最有利標辦理廠商評選之執行過程中，有關評選準則建立與權重訂定是否合適，成為達到政府採購目的之重要條件。本研究藉由專家訪談、問卷調查及參與實際執行採購評選會議的經驗，歸納出在評選作業流程中的問題及改善的建議，降低業界對於評選作業的疑慮，另外也運用層級分析法（AHP）建構了評選廠商的評審項目及其權重，提供評選委員及政府機關辦理評選中作參考依據。 The ultimate objective of Government procurement is to meet the requirements and interests between agencies and corporates. So corporates have therefore learned that the best interests to the agencies should be award the bid to the most proper corporate by the most effective way, and the lowest or the most reasonable price. For improving the errors from the past , the government procurement law adopts the award of bid by " The Most Advantageous Tender "way which allows the demand department to set other selection criterias to meet their specific requirements in addition to the price. And it is expected that selecting the most suitable contractor after considering all aspects with the ability of contract implementation.
As the changing environment and increasing demands of civil, government is under tremendous pressure of persuiting of outstanding performance. With the constraints of government budget and based on the consideration of public benefit, the key factor of successful government procurement is fair and reasonable vendor selection process. For achieving the successful government procurement programs, the first priority is to establish selection criterias and calculate the weight of performance scores during the vendor selection process. This study summarized some problems arising from the selection processes and offered suggestions through interview with experts, questionaire survey, and the experience for participating selection conference. Also using Analytical Hierarchy Process(AHP) to conduct selection criterias and the weight of performance scores to provide reference for selection committee and government agencies.