|摘要: ||本研究的主要目的乃欲探求「集體主義-個人主義」對工作壓力、工作滿足反應在「企業員工對工會之態度」的影響。 本研究對象以台灣地區之企業員工為調查訪問主軸，其中有來自工會的會員，也有非工會的會員，發出的問卷有450份，回收可用之「集體主義-個人主義」對「企業員工對工會之態度」的影響問卷總共有397份，刪除不完整的問卷，最後得到有效問卷樣本共計393份。|
The objective of this resarch is to study the impact of job pressure and satisfication level by the "Collectivism and Individualism" employees’ attitude toward to Union. The main target of this study was the employee in Taiwan area, which included the union memberships and non-union memberships. The survey forms were issued 450 copies, and returned 397 copies. After eliminating uncompleted survey, total valid surveys were 393 copies.
The results presented as followings：
1. In Culture element, Collectivism and Individualism could be subdivided by Horizontal Individualism, Vertical Individualism, Horizontal Collectivism, and Vertical Collectivism. In this research, the subdivision also presentedt that peopleo’s job pressure and satisfication level would be impacted by the characters with different inclination, and also impacted to their attitude to the union.
2. Most of the surveyed employees thought the union could secure their job with equal treatment.
3. The satisfication of the membership of the union was considered based on the salary, job security and the benefits. With the satification to the job, then they would consider of the achievement in the work.
4. The survey results were not impacted no matter whether the surveyed employees were the members of the union or not.
5. About job pressure, most of the surveyed employees would still worry about their job after working hours, and it seemed there were no enough time to complete. The result confirmed the recent news, which mentioned Taiwan employees have longested working hours compared to global.
6. In Taiwan, there were industrial unions and occupational unions, which were different from the unions in western countries. The structure would impact the support of employees to the union.
7. The attitude of the employees to union would be impacted by their job pressure and satisfication, but it was not impacted by the employees’ age, gender and education.