本研究旨在探討不確定環境、知識移轉與競爭優勢間的關係。我們以台灣半導體產業為調查對象共回收176份有效問卷，並利用結構方程模式來驗證知識移轉、不確定環境對競爭優勢的影響。研究發現，不確定環境、知識移轉與競爭優勢間的關係，在部份中介效果的模型中具有良好的配適，即不確定環境的確會對妨礙知識移轉，而知識移轉對於組織建立持久性的競爭優勢又有正向的效果。另外，知識移轉和競爭優勢具有正向關係；不確定環境和知識移轉具有負向的關係、不確定環境與競爭優勢也具有關聯性。最後，在產業的干擾效果上，知識提供者保護程度對降低依賴，移轉分享組織知識對降低依賴會因為產業的差異性而產生改變。 In the highly competitive business environment, knowledge is recognized as a critical resource. In order to acquire sustain competitive advantage, Organizations must reinforce its intellectual capital and develop core capability. Knowledge are not able to create within their boundaries, they must transfer from suppliers and collaborative partners. Therefore, knowledge transfer is a process of sharing knowledge within organizations. Successful knowledge transfer regarded as the receiver can be absorbed knowledge outside the company effectively, and its will establish competitive advantage.
This research proposes and tests the relationship between uncertainty environment, knowledge transfer and competitive advantage. Based on a cross-sectional sample of 176 Taiwan semiconductors and a structural equation methodology, this study investigates the effect of knowledge transfer and competitive advantage on uncertainty environment. Our results indicate that in the partial mediated model have a good model fit. It means uncertainty environment hinder knowledge transfer and lead to organizations develop knowledge by themselves to establish competitive advantage. Further, the relationship between uncertainty environment and knowledge transfer is negative. Knowledge transfer and competitive advantage has positive relationship. The more uncertainty environment is related to competitive advantage.