淡江大學機構典藏:Item 987654321/32859
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    Title: 區間假設最大概似比檢定與學生化全距檢定的比較
    Other Titles: A comparison of maximum likelihood ratio test and studentized range test for interval hypotheses
    Authors: 蘇煒盛;Su, Wei-sheng
    Contributors: 淡江大學數學學系碩士班
    陳順益;Chen, Shun-yi
    Keywords: 點假設檢定;學生化全距檢定;最保守均數結構;最大概似比檢定;Point Hypothesis;Studentized Range Test;Least Favorable Configuration;Maximum Likelihood Ratio Test
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 02:52:14 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 變異數已知或未知情況下,探討兩組或多組母體平均數是否具有差異性,傳統方法是用點假設檢定。然而在點假設檢定中,只要樣本數夠大,就會拒絕虛無假設。因為點假設檢定這個缺點,許多研究都利用區間假設檢定來取代。其中,Bau, Chen 和 Xiong(1993)的學生化全距檢定只適用最保守均數結構,可是實際統計資料並不太可能符合此結構。本文根據Chen 和 Hsu(2005) 所導出的最大概似比檢定法來改進此缺點。本文並以蒙地卡羅模擬方法來比較最大概似比檢定法和Bau, Chen 和 Xiong(1993) 學生化全距檢定法及Casella和Berger(1990) 交聯集檢定法的顯著水準和檢定力。就兩組母體(K=2)而言,最大概似比檢定法和學生化全距檢定法及交聯集檢定法的名目 水準均發生在邊界上,而檢定力的表現是差不多的。就三組母體(K=3)而言,全距檢定法只有在LFC結構下,才有名目 水準;而最大概似比檢定法在任何資料結構下均有名目 水準,較合乎實際情況。就檢定力來說,最大概似比檢定法的檢定力均比全距檢定法大。
    In the classical hypothesis testing concerning several normal means the interest is to test the null hypothesis that the population means are equal. However, it is well known that the null hypothesis will always be rejected for a large enough sample size (See Berger (1985)). Recently, the problem of testing the hypothesis of equivalence of normal means (or the interval hypothesis) has been investigated by several authors. In this paper, an extensive simulation study was carried out to compare the performance of the likelihood ratio test of Chen and Hsu (2005), the studentized range test of Bau, Chen and Xiong (1993), and the intersection-union test of Casella and Berger (1990). The simulation results indicate that, for two populations (K=2), the nominal significance levels of all three tests occur at the boundary, and the performance of powers are similar. For the case of three populations (K=3), the nominal level of the studentized range test occurs only under the least favorable configuration of means. The likelihood ratio test can achieve the nominal level for any configuration of means and its power is larger than that of the studentized range test.
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