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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/32489

    Title: OECD諸國總體生產效率與生產力之研究
    Other Titles: Study on production efficiency and productivity for OECD countries
    Authors: 林郁雯;Lin, Yu-wen
    Contributors: 淡江大學經濟學系碩士班
    黃台心;Huang, Tai-hsin
    Keywords: 總要素生產力;生產力;隨機生產邊界;產出彈性;技術效率;效率;規模效果;環境變數;定態性;TFP;productivity;stochastic production frontier;output elasticity;technical efficiency;efficiency;scale effect;environmental variable,;stationarity
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 02:13:43 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究採用總體生產函數為研究對象,考慮各總體變數具有非定態性以及整體環境因素的差異,建立一總產出成長模型,同時導入生產效率與生產力觀念,估計OECD與東亞十國共34國的總體生產效率,進一步分解總要素生產力(TFP),探討其決定因素為何,進行跨國比較。


    This paper proposes an aggregate production function, in which all of the variables are expressed in the first difference form to eliminate the nonstationarity of the variables. To estimate production efficiency and the total factor productivity (TFP), we collect data for 34 countries of OECD and East Asia in the period 1985-2000. After obtaining the parameter estimates, the rate of change of TFP is decomposed into technical progress, rate of change in technical efficiency, and scale effects.

    We find that the average output elasticity capital and labor are both positive. Divided the sample countries into four categories, i.e., G-7, non G-7, four Asian dragons, and non Asian dragons. Evidence is found that the value of scale effect of G-7 is greater than one, the rest of three categories are less than one. Generally speaking, the technical progress dominates the other two components to TFP growth.

    Valuable policy implications for Taiwan can be drawn on the basis of our empirical results. Due to the output elasticity of labor and capital in Taiwan are much lower than the sample average, it should work every efforts to promote the labor quality and to accelerate the investment. The average estimate of scale effect is merely 0.5970, implying that there is large room to improve its production scale. Moreover, the average density of Carbon Dioxide is reaching the edge 1.1489. The regulation of pollutions is deeply in need.
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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