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|Other Titles: ||A study of terrorism risk and insurance|
|Authors: ||羅文玫;Lo, Wen-mei|
|Keywords: ||恐怖主義行為危險;再保險;共保組織;保險危險證券化;恐怖主義危險保險法案;Terrorism risk;Reinsurance;pool;Insurance-linked Securities|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-11 02:04:27 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||關於恐怖主義行為之人為危險(man-made risk)，過去並未引起保險相關產業重視，但因911事件始料未及之鉅額損失，對全球保險與再保險市場產生重大影響，例如承保與再保能量大幅緊縮、保費急遽上揚、財務嚴重受創、清償能力降低等。因此國際保險業者皆熱烈投入此議題之研究與探討；各國政府亦積極研擬相關方案，希冀將恐怖主義行為危險對國家各項產業與經濟發展之負面衝擊，降至最低。|
Prior to the tragic attacks of September 11th 2001, the man-made risk like terrorism risk was certainly not regarded as the most costly disaster for the insurance industry. However, an entirely new loss dimension caused by the terrorist attacks had led to some negative impacts on the international insurance and reinsurance markets, such as the severe shrinkage of the insurance and reinsurance capacity, a sharp increase of premium, a big loss of financial revenue and the constraints of the solvency. As a result, the international insurers and reinsurers are eager to re-evaluate terrorism risk. At the same time, the governments of the most countries also try to work out the feasibly mitigation measures to cope with this extreme event.
Besides the generally theoretical study of the act of terrorism, the paper presents the insurability of the terrorism risk associated with the current development of terrorism models. It also discusses how to well deal with the mega-terrorism risks by means of a variety of risk management options like the change of the insurance coverage, retention, captive, reinsurance, terrorism pool, insurance-linked securities or government’s assistance. Although the terrorism risk is not a threat to Taiwan at this stage, Taiwan might benefit from the valuable and successful experience of some government sponsored insurance programs depicted in the paper, for instance, TRIA & TRIEA for U.S.A., Pool Re for U.K., GAREAT for France, Extremus-AG for Germany and CCS for Spain, in addition to the Terrorism Pool for Personal Accident Insurance, which has been operating here since Jan. 2004. Finally, the paper concludes some major findings, proposes some considerable suggestions as well as poses two open questions for further study in future.
|Appears in Collections:||[保險學系暨研究所] 學位論文|
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