|其它题名: ||The impact of securing international supply chain to trade facilitation and movement.|
|作者: ||郭憶綾;Kuo, Yi-ling|
|关键词: ||國際安全供應鏈;貿易便捷化;International Securing Supply Chain Initiative;Trade Facilitation|
|上传时间: ||2010-01-11 01:49:05 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||國際貿易是經濟繁榮重要的推力，我國整體經濟發展更以貿易為主，在經濟全球浪潮下，產業間供應鏈的整合持續蓬勃發展。但911事件後，全球貿易體系卻有容易受到恐怖份子破壞的弱點，而影響全球經濟發展。海關作為控制及管理貨物國際移動的政府組織，具有獨特地位以對全球供應鏈提供更大的安全，因此美國提出一連串的供應鏈安全計劃，世界關務組織（WCO）也相繼發展出一套加強國際貿易安全與便捷的體系，此即為WCO SAFE 標準架構，確保國際貿易供應鏈安全並作為21世紀強化與準備關務行政之原則與標準，並鼓勵海關與其他政府單位及企業間發展合作關係。|
International Trade is an essential driver for economic prosperity，especially trading business is majority and priority of whole economic development in Taiwan, during economic globalization tendency that integrated supply chain between organization is keeping flourishing development. But, since 911 terrorism happened, the global trading system is vulnerable to terrorist exploitation that would severely damage the entire global economy. As government organizations that control and administer the international movement of goods, Customs administrations are in a unique position to provide increased security to the global supply chain and to contribute to socio-economic development through revenue collection and trade facilitation. Therefore, U.S.A. proposed a series of securing supply chain initiative, in the meantime, World Customs Organization (WCO) has developed a regime that will enhance the security and facilitation of international trade, this is the WCO SAFE Framework of Standards to secure and facilitate global trade (herafter referred to as the “SAFE Framework”), which sets forth the principles and the standards and presents Customs administrator for adoption, Customs should therefore be encouraged to develop co-operative arrangements with other government agencies and business organization.
Each securing supply chain initiative implementation has been subverted the operation of traditional supply chain, and forcing a new concept of integrated securing supply chain generated. In order to defend the security of global supply chain that there’s a must to be enhaned the trading control, if all export or import shipments are be proceeded 100% inspection that will severely affect the global trading halt and goods movement speeding definitely, how to make a balance between securing supply chain and trading facilitation, it is a difficulty for Customs forcing not only role transition but also administration workflow challenge. WCO is achieving to solve the problem of the international trade security and facilitation to implement SAFE Framework, and there should be one set of international Customs standards developed by the WCO, the risk manage becomes a core of modernized Customs administrations, in order to abide by international norm and promote Taiwan’s intentional trading competition ability, there’s still a lot of room to improve modernized customs administration, legal system and practice innovation.
Since international tendency is gradually forming, Taiwan takes a conscientious attitude to facing WCO SAFE Framework implementation and actively set forth “Establish High Quality Trading Network”initiative, hope government will take more positive attitude to establish the co-operative partnership with other countries and listen attentively various opinions from business organizations, further act a role of assistance and control management, propose more motivated and benefited package and favorable solution, to assist and encourage all Taiwan domestic enterprises participate the recognition of authority from overseas countries. Domestic enterprise can not be away from the tendency and should be participate and cooperate with government actively, making a balance between cost increasing and benefit provision, through government enhanced assistance and related measures implement that enterprise self can be on the initiative to think over how to improve the organization security ability and management constitution, having an AEO qualification is a beneficial investment, to achieve WCO newly established main spirit and target.