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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/32173


    Title: 對外直接投資對日本紡織業與電子業貿易影響之研究
    Other Titles: The effects of foreign direct investment on trade of the Japan textile and electronic industry
    Authors: 陳佳慧;Chen, Chia-hui
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業學碩士班
    吳秀玲;Wu, Hsiu-ling
    Keywords: 引力模型;對外直接投資;對外貿易;gravity model;foreign direct investment (FDI);foreign trade
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 01:47:36 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 自1980年代初期以來,世界經濟整合之力量已漸漸由國際貿易移轉到對外直接投資(Foreign Direct Investment, FDI)。隨著各國對外直接投資的不斷增加,跨國公司活動的日益擴大,直接投資在國際經濟交往中佔有越來越重要的地位。日本是全球貿易大國,出口規模龐大,對海外市場的依賴性很高,其進行對外直接投資的方式一直是日本開拓海外市場很重要的方法之一。

    鑒於引力模型可以有效的分析雙邊的貿易流量,本文針對該模型之相關文獻及實證歸納與整理,選擇國民生產毛額、平均每人所得、距離、對外直接投資、開放程度與自由貿易協定等變數對日本與其他43個貿易夥伴國在1995年至2005年11年間之紡織與電子業貿易流量影響因素。

    實證結果顯示,對外直接投資流出額(FDI outflow)對日本紡織進口有顯著正相關,但對電子出口為顯著負相關;對紡織出口和電子進口則無顯著影響。外人直接投資流入額(FDI inflow)對日本紡織進、出口皆無顯著影響,但對日本電子進、出口則有負的顯著關係。貿易夥伴國的整體貿易開放程度愈高,有助於提升日本紡織與電子業進出口貿易。自由貿易協定對日本的進出口貿易無顯著影響。
    Since 1980, strength of the world economics has already changed from international trade to foreign direct investment (FDI) gradually. Follows the various countries'' FDI unceasing increase, FDI possess the more and more important status in the international economy. Japan is the great country of the global trade. It has a highly dependence on the overseas market. Then FDI is a very important method to expand overseas market for Japan.

    The paper uses gravity model covering the period from 1995 to 2005 to investigate trade flows in Japen electron and textile industries with other 43 partner countries individually.This paper reviews the relevant literature on the gravity model, a model that can effectively analyze trade flows between two countries, then proceeds to use this model with the variables of GDP (Gross Domestic Product), per Capita Income, Distance, Trade Openness, FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) and Trade Agreements.

    According to the empirical evidences of this paper, the coefficient estimate for Outward FDI of Japan is positive and statistically significant for the import of Japan textile industry. On the contrary, it is negative and statistically significant for the export of Japan electronic industry. There are no significant influences on the export trade of Japan textile industry and the import of Japan electronic industry.Japan loosen its trading restrictions to its partner counties improved the foreign trade of textile and electronic industries maturely. Finally, free trade agreements have no significant influences on the trade of Japan.
    Appears in Collections:[國際企業學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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