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    題名: 中國紡織業與電子業對外貿易影響因素之比較分析
    其他題名: The comparative analysis on the influential factors of the foreign trade for the Chinese textile and electronic industry
    作者: 陳麗婷;Chen, Li-ting
    貢獻者: 淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業學碩士班
    吳秀玲;Wu, Hsiu-ling
    關鍵詞: 引力模型;對外貿易;雙邊貿易流量;gravity model;foreign trade;Bilateral trade flows
    日期: 2007
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 01:36:10 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 近年來中國的對外貿易在全球化與資訊科技的推波助瀾下快速崛起,這對其紡織與電子業產生了很大的影響。鑒於引力模型可以有效的分析雙邊的貿易流量,本文針對該模型之相關文獻及實證歸納與整理,選擇了GDP、平均每人所得、距離、對外直接投資、貿易開放程度以及雙邊投資協定等變數。用以驗證中國與40個貿易夥伴國在1995年至2005年這11年來,對於中國紡織與電子業上、中、下游進出口貿易流量之影響,並分析影響貿易流量之因素。

    根據實證結果發現:

    1、中國紡織業與電子業之進出口與市場規模成正向關係,與距離成 反向關係。

    2、中國紡織業與電子業之出口商品傾向於勞動密集財,進口商品傾向於必需品。

    3、中國對外直接投資造就了紡織業與電子業不同的貿易效果。

    4、外資流入所引進的技術移轉促進紡織業升級,電子業仍停留在低層次的發展。

    5、中國開放程度提高帶動紡織業成長,但對電子業的對外貿易影響是相反情形。

    6、貿易夥伴國的整體貿易開放程度放寬,提升了紡織與電子業進出口貿易成長。

    7、雙邊投資協定對國與國間的進出口貿易額無明顯的影響力。
    In recent years, China’s foreign trade is growing extremely under the globalization and information technology. It has created an enormous impact on the Chinese textile and electronic industries. We can use gravity model to analyze the trade flows between these two countries effectively. This paper reviews and induces the relevant literature on this purpose. Then proceed to select the factors of GDP (Gross Domestic Product), per Capita Income, Distance, FDI (Foreign Direct Investment), Trade Openness, and Bilateral Investment Treaties. This allows us to analyze the main factors affecting trade flows and to verify the alterations in trade flows of upper, middle and lower stream of Chinese Textile and Electronic industries between China and other 40 partner counties from 1995 to 2005.

    According to the empirical evidence of this investigation:

    1、The market scale has positive influences and the distance has negative influences relation on the import and export of Chinese textile and electronic industry.

    2、The export commodities of Chinese textile and electronic industries are inclined to the labor-intensive goods and the import goods are inclined to the necessities.

    3、Chinese government’s direct investments in these industries bring a different trade effect on the textile and electronic industries.

    4、The foreign capitals lead the textile industry’s technology to upgrading, but the electronic industry still stays in low development.

    5、China’s opening has driven the textile industry to grow up but its affection of foreign trade has the opposite situation of the electronic industry.

    6、China loosen its trading restrictions to its partner counties improved the foreign trade of textile and electronic industries maturely.

    7、Bilateral investment treaties have no significant influences on the trade volume between two countries.
    顯示於類別:[國際企業學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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