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    Title: 母親就業、食品營養標籤使用與小孩肥胖
    Other Titles: Maternal employment, nutritional label use and childhood obesity
    Authors: 楊靜江;Yang, Ching-chiang
    Contributors: 淡江大學產業經濟學系碩士班
    胡登淵;Hu, Teng-yuan
    Keywords: 母親就業;營養標籤使用;小孩肥胖;trivariate probit model;SAS Qlim;maternal employment;nutritional label use;childhood obesity;trivariate probit model;SAS Qlim
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 01:19:43 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究擬在考量母親使用食品營養標籤下探討母親就業對小孩肥胖的影響,母親就業雖會造成小孩肥胖機率增加,若就業的母親購買食品時使用食品營養標籤,預期對小孩肥胖機率有緩和效果。本研究擬分析民國90年『國民健康訪問調查』(National Health Interview Survey, NHIS)(2001) 資料,擬先利用 bivariate probit model with IVs 模型探討母親就業對小孩 (0-3、3-6與6-12歲) 肥胖的影響效果,以托育成本、家庭人口數、是否僅生產一胎、婚姻狀況與都會區為工具變數處理母親就業對小孩肥胖的內生性問題。再者,考量母親食品營養標籤使用擬以是否注意食品成份標示與否為衡量變數,並使用 trivariate probit model with IVs 模型探討母親就業、食品營養標籤使用與小肥胖,以母親宗教信仰、成年女性肥胖盛行率與食品營養標籤使用盛行率處理母親食品營養標籤使用對小孩肥胖的內生性問題。另外使用Multivariate Limited Dependent Variable model考量食品營養標籤使用的頻率對於母親就業影響小孩肥胖的弱化影響。實證結果顯示:母親就業對小孩肥胖為正向影響,隨著小孩年紀增長其影響效果遞增;母親食品營養標籤使用對小孩肥胖為負向影響,隨小孩年紀增長其影響效果遞減。母親食品營養標籤使用弱化母親就業對小孩肥胖的影響,以小孩3歲到6歲的弱化效果較明顯。母親食品營養標籤使用頻率越高,弱化就業衝擊小孩肥胖發生機率以3歲到6歲小孩比較明顯。
    More and more evidence in support of the positive relation between maternal employment and child obesity has been provided by researchers during the last decade. This study examines whether maternal nutritional label use is a moderating factor upon the positive relation by analyzing the NHIS (2001) of Taiwan . Using the trivariate probit model, it finds that maternal nutritional label use provides a statistically significant moderating effect for children with aged 3-6. However, it is not statistically significant for the children aged 0-2 or 7-12. This suggests that the food policy promoting nutritional label use, in order to reduce the probability of child obesity, is relatively more effective for a mother who has a child aged 3-6. Using the multivariate limited dependent variable model, the result is similar.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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