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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/31844

    Title: 研發投入與對外投資對產業技術垂直升級的影響—臺灣製造業之實證研究
    Other Titles: The roles of R&D and outward investments on the skill upgrading of Taiwanese manufacturing
    Authors: 邱啟書;Chiu, Chi-shu
    Contributors: 淡江大學產業經濟學系碩士班
    林佩蒨;Lin, Pei-chien
    Keywords: 研發投入;對外投資;技術升級;超對數成本函數;成本份額函數;R&D;FDI;skill upgrading;translong cost function;cost share equation
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 01:19:33 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究以1982年至2004年間台灣製造業16個中分類(二分位)產業為實證對象,將製造業中分類產業區分成高R&D密集產業與低R&D密集產業二個產業群組。並使用超對數成本函數(translog cost function),做為本研究的理論模型,且依據此理論進一步推導出成本份額函數以做為實證模型,在估計方法上則採用了可結合橫斷面與時間序列的縱橫資料模型中(panel data)的固定效果模型(fixed effect model)進行分析。以評估技術進步與國際分工生產對台灣製造業中分類產業垂直升級的重要性。
    This study intended to empirically investigate the impacts of technological progress and international production sharing on industrial Upgrading of Taiwanese manufacturing. The subjects of this study are 16 two-digit manufacturing Industries, which have been classified into 2 industry groups-the high R&D and the low R&D intensive Industries, over the period of 1982-2004. Basing on quasi-fixed translong cost function, we derived the cost share equation of the skilled labor as our empirical model. The main findings of this study are follows
    (1)In the high R&D intensity industries, investment in R&D activity is the primary factor to explain the increasing trend of skilled labor employment. Thus, technological progress is the more important force behind the shift for skilled workers in the high R&D activity industries. In addition, if one considers the effect of timing, the results show that R&D investment has a delayed effect on industrial skill upgrading.
    (2)In the low R&D intensity industries, outward investment to mainland China is relatively more important to explain the increasing employment of skilled labor. Thus, in the low R&D intensive industry, the international production sharing is relatively important to explain the skill upgrading observed. As to the timing effect, the results show that skill upgrading caused by outward investment to China response immediately.
    (3)Though R&D activity and outward investment to China play relatively important roles on skill upgrading in the high R&D and low R&D intensive industries respectively, The natures of skill upgrading caused by these two activities are different. In the high R&D intensive industry, the skill upgrading effect caused by R&D activity is primarily through the increased demand for skilled labor while in the low R&D intensive industry, the skill upgrading effect is primarily through the decreased demand for unskilled labor.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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