|摘要: ||本研究主要目的為探討影響台灣製造業廠商研發活動之決定因素，並根據Schumpeter I（1934）和Schumpeter II（1942）的觀點，探討創業型經濟時代下的廠商研發行為。資料來源主要取自2004年出版的2001年工商普查原始資料檔，其次為2003年出版的工業部門抽樣報告。|
最後，本研究依據以上實證結果和檢定，發現由於在知識與非知識密集產業的分類中，屬於非知識密集（傳統）產業的廠商佔多數，整體製造業的廠商研發行為符合Schumpeter II（1942）的觀點，傾向由資源充沛的大型廠商進行研發；創業型經濟部門的廠商研發行為則符合Schumpeter I（1934）的論點，隱含台灣製造業已有部份廠商邁向創業型經濟時代，獨具創新思維和新技術的小型廠商握有研發主導的地位。在創業型經濟體系下，帶領傳統產業轉型、協助引進並運用新技術已成為重要的趨勢。
Our objectives are to explore the determinants of R&D activities in Taiwan manufacturing industry and to investigate the R&D activities of firms during the entrepreneurial economic period based on the argument by Schumpeter I (1934) and Schumpeter II (1942). The data were drawn from the Statistics Department of the Ministry of Economic Affairs in 2001 and the Sample Survey for Industrial Sectors (Bilingual) published in 2003.
We first empirically investigated the determinants of R&D activities of all sample firms in Taiwan manufacturing industry using Tobit Model and then classified the determinants of R&D activities into three categories: firm (firm size, firm size square, firm age, gross profit margin, market share), industry (industrial concentration, product differentiation, share of industrial export) and entrepreneurial economic characteristics (industry R&D expenditure, knowledge intensive manufacturing industry, electronic commerce). We found that the empirical results of all the determinants were in line with our hypotheses. Except that the firm size square was negatively associated with the R&D intensity. Other determinants were all found positively related.
Secondly, we focused on issues related to entrepreneurial economy. The knowledge intensive manufacturing industry was regarded as the representative feature of the industry of the entrepreneurial economy. Then, we classified all sample firms into two categories: entrepreneurial- and non-entrepreneurial- economic sector. Within the group tests, the two sectors were shown significantly different by t test. The Chow test confirmed that the two sectors were not of the same population.
Finally, we found that due to the predominance of firms in the non-knowledge intensive manufacturing industry (traditional industry) rather than the knowledge intensive manufacturing industry, the R&D activities of all the Taiwan manufacturing firms were more compatible with the viewpoint by Schumpeter II (1942), who argued that the more resourceful firms would have more advantage in R&D in the markets. The entrepreneurial economic sector was in accordance with the argument by Schumpeter I (1934), implying that part of Taiwan manufacturing firms have moved toward an entrepreneurial economic era, in which small firms drive innovation and advanced technology. In conclusion, within the entrepreneurial economic system, leading the traditional industry to transformation and introducing advanced technology is crucial.