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    Title: 創業經濟與傳統經濟 : 臺灣製造業之實證
    Other Titles: Entrepreneurial economy and managed economy : an empirical study of Taiwan's manufacturing industry
    創業經濟與傳統經濟 : 台灣製造業之實證
    Authors: 陳雅慧;Chen, Ya-huei
    Contributors: 淡江大學產業經濟學系碩士班
    胡名雯;Hu, Ming-wen
    Keywords: 創業經濟;SCP;工商普查;Entrepreneurial economy;SCP;Census Data
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 01:17:22 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 由台灣的經濟發展過程可知傳統產業和高科技產業皆是維持台灣經濟的重要命脈,因此對於台灣製造業是否因為知識經濟時代之來臨,及創業精神的實現而有部份產業邁入創業經濟,而形成創業經濟部門與傳統經濟部門,對於影響此兩種產業的經營績效的因素之比較自有其必要。

    本研究使用2001年工商普查資料製造業245個產業,並選用OLS作為實證模型,以SCP架構研究台灣製造業影響其經營績效(PCM)之因素,及探討台灣製造業是否有創業經濟部門與傳統經濟部門之差異;分析結果顯示,在全體製造業的迴歸結果中,平均廠商規模平方愈高、平均廠齡愈高、平均進口比例愈高、平均研發密集度愈高、對於利潤率有顯著負向的影響,而平均資本報酬率愈高、平均廣告密集度愈高、及使用電子商務的比例愈高對於產業的利潤率有正向顯著的關係;另外以平均廠齡作為切割創業經濟部門與傳統經濟部門的依據,再對其作Chow檢定及兩組母體平均數差異檢定,皆可明顯看出創業經濟部門與傳統經濟部門的差異。在分群部門分別對PCM作迴歸之實證結果中,傳統經濟部門裡,平均廣告密集度愈高其利潤率愈高,平均研發密集度方面,可看出對於利潤率為負面的影響;在創業經濟部門中,平均廠齡對於利潤率為負向顯著的影響,平均研發密度對於利潤率為負向顯著的影響,而代表產業的創新行為中,平均員工薪資較高之產業與使用電子商務比例較高的產業,其對於利潤率皆為相當顯著的正面影響。

    觀察台灣製造業發展情形,在使用2001年的工商普查料中,我們可以得知台灣製造業已邁入創業經濟體系,並且是存在著傳統經濟部門與創業經濟部門之差異。
    In this article, we use Taiwan manufacturing industries’ Census data to examine whether Taiwan is undertaking Managed economy and Entrepreneurial economy two sectors, and understand the determinants of industries’ performance. The data conducted by the Statistics Department of the Ministry of Economic Affairs in 2001. We use OLS model as an econometric model and compare the results in two sectors by marginal effects. Under the SCP framework, we use PCM(Price-cost Margins) as a measurement of performance, besides , we use average firm size、age、concentration index(HHI)、minimum efficient scale(MES)、capital and technology intensity(KS、KL)、international linkage(Tx、Tm)、and some innovation indices(R&D、AD、WAGE、EC) to examine the problems of industries’ performance.

    First, we find average size square、age、import intensity、R&D intensity have a negative effect on PCM, and KS、AD、EC have a positive effect on PCM. Second, we use Chow test and T test to examine the two sectors on entrepreneurial economy and managed economy , there is a significant difference. Finally, in our 2001 data
    shows Taiwan is entering entrepreneurial economy, and there is a difference between entrepreneurial economy and managed economy.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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