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    Title: 臺灣上市公司股票報酬波動性之探討
    Other Titles: The investigation on the volatility of stock returns in Taiwan stock market
    Authors: 林瑋娟;Lin, Wei-chuan
    Contributors: 淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班
    林允永;Lin, Yun-yung
    Keywords: 三因子模型;公司規模;淨值市價比;獨特性風險;GARCH(1,1);Fama & French three-factor model;Beta;Market value;book-to-market value;Idiosyncratic Volatility;Panel Data
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 01:11:08 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究以GARCH(1,1)估計股票報酬波動,並將”個別風險佔市場風險比率”加入Farm & Franch三因子模型作為第四因子。探討Beta、公司規模、淨值市價比及新加入的個別風險佔市場風險比率因子與股票報酬之關係。並且,本研究依獨特性風險(Idiosyncratic Volatility)將樣本資料由小到大分為5個投資組合,觀察是否在不同獨特性風險下,各因子對報酬解釋能力有不同的改變。
    本研究以panel data模型進行分析研究,實證結果得到:
    1. 由三因子模型觀察,Beta與淨值市價比對股票報酬為顯著負相關,公司規模為顯著正相關。
    2. 由四因子模型觀察,新加入第四因子-個別風險佔市場風險比
    率,與報酬呈顯著正相關,Beta與淨值市價比對股票報酬為顯著負相關,公司規模為顯著正相關。
    3. 依獨特性風險分類後觀察四因子模型,Beta與淨值市價比在所有投資組合下,對股票報酬皆為顯著負相關;公司規模僅於最小及最大獨特性風險(portfolio 1、portfolio 5)時顯著正相關,其餘則不顯著;個別風險佔市場風險比率因子在最小獨特性風險下時,對報酬關係顯著負相關,在portfolio 2時對報酬沒有顯著解釋能力,而在portfolio 3 ~ portfolio 5則為顯著正相關。
    In this study, we estimate the volatility of return by GARCH(1,1). We use the ratio of the volatility of each stock return to TAIEX proxy for aggregate volatility risk, and we add Fama & French three-factor model as the fourth risk factor-ratio. Here we are going to discuss the relationship among these four risk factors (Beta, ln(ME), BE/ME, ratio) and the stock return. And, we sort stocks based on idiosyncratic volatility into 5 portfolios. Portfolio 1(5) is the portfolio of stocks with the lowest (highest) idiosyncratic volatility. We want to know if these four factors are still significant in explaining stock returns in different portfolios.
    We analyze our empirical data with Panel data model. The empirical results show that:
    1. From the three factors model: We find there is negative relation between Beta(or BE/ME) and stock return and positive relation between market value and stock return.
    2. From the four factors model: We find there is negative relation between Beta(or BE/ME)and stock return and positive relation between market value(or ratio)and stock return.
    3. After sort stocks based on idiosyncratic volatility into 5 portfolios. We find there is also negative relation between Beta(or BE/ME)in all portfolios but market value is only significant in the portfolio 1 and portfolio 5. The fourth risk factor-ratio is negative relation to return in the portfolio 1 and positive in portfolio 3,4 and 5. But the factor-ratio has no significant explanation power of return in portfolio 2.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Banking and Finance] Thesis

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