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    题名: 非關婚姻:同居生活的家庭與家人之未來展演
    其它题名: Beyond marriage: exploring the emerging images of cohabitation and family
    作者: 裴于雯;Pei, Yu-wen
    贡献者: 淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班
    陳國華;Chen, Kao-hua
    关键词: 同居;家人;家庭;婚姻;未來;cohabitation;family;marriage;Future
    日期: 2008
    上传时间: 2010-01-11 00:39:36 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 當教育水準的提升、結婚年齡普遍地延後,以及不婚或未婚率的逐漸增加;個人面對自我實現與追求更甚於對婚姻的憧憬時,現代人對於婚姻的想像亦開始產生變化,進而影響傳統家庭的本質與意涵,非傳統家庭型態也因此漸次展開。本研究透過文獻的蒐集與彙整,了解婚姻與家庭各面向的論述與發展脈絡,以及台灣目前多元家庭型態的現況和家意義的相關資料,並藉由過去研究整理各學者所提出的論點,反省與思考其真正涵義並提出個人的想法及意見,進而和理論產生對話。

    另一方面,非傳統家庭型態當中涵括了各式各樣的類型;決定以同居生活作為本研究的觀察重點,主要是因為同居的模式和步入婚姻一樣雙方有著實質的共同生活,但卻少了婚姻契約的規範。研究者嘗試以半結構式的訪談法,透過同居生活的面向與視角,從個人的生活經驗與社會互動下所產生的感知與行動,探討現代人對於家的想像以及家人的定義,並從中發現婚姻與血緣等關係在家的建構與家人的形塑當中,是否依舊扮演著重要的角色,或者已被其他條件所取而代之;並進一步剖析現今普羅大眾的婚姻觀念,以及目前與未來可能因為價值觀的改變,所衍生而出的非傳統家庭型態。

    然而,不可否認的是婚姻與家庭兩者之間有著密切的相關性;透過婚姻關係的維持得以成立一個家庭,而家庭成員各司其職地扮演好自己的角色,亦是社會主流價值中對家庭的普遍想像。本研究發現在現代社會當中,個人對於生活的要求逐漸提高,在心理與情感上的需求也更為濃厚;進而對家庭與婚姻的要求也有所不同。研究者試圖闡明「家庭」在現今社會所遭遇到的質疑與挑戰;並說明廣義的家與家人新定義與新詮釋,從而發現與比較兩者之間的差別。
    With the rising levels of education, the average age for marriage tends to increase along with the phenomenon of staying single. The traditional expectation for marriage at certain age has gradually been replaced by the pursuit of self realization. As a consequence, images of marriage begin to change and affect the vitality and meaning of traditional family. This research conducts a thorough examination of the context and discourses on marriage and family. In addition, the presence of multiple family structures in Taiwan and the literature on meanings of home were analyzed.

    Furthermore, non-traditional families include all types of possible structures were under discussion by this research. Cohabitation was chosen as the as the focus of observation, mainly because that men and women who cohabit substantially live together as married couples. However, their relationship is free from marital duties or law. Adopting semi-structural interviews, the study aims at exploring the emerging imaginations and definitions of family from people who cohabitate. The study means to find out whether the traditional structure of family built by marriage and sanguinity still stands. If not, what replaces it? Further, the researcher analyzes the concept of marriage for the masses and the types of non-traditional families possibly resulted from the current or changing values of the future.

    Nonetheless, the intertwined relationship between marriage and family are undeniable. The mainstream values of family and marriage will still play a vital role in the near term future. This research found a new phenomenon that individual has started to seek higher quality of life in Taiwanese society. Their emotional and physical well-being becomes more pronounced resulting in different quest for marriage and family. The analysis also attempts to clarify the doubts and challenges family of nowadays confront. The result also suggests that the meaning of home and family deserves to be refined and re-interpreted within a broad societal context.
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