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    Title: S-P表於教學之運用─以高中英文課為例
    Other Titles: The application of s-p table in teaching─an example of senior high school english
    Authors: 吳信梅;Wu, Hsin-mei
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班
    蔡秉燁;Tsai, Ping-yeh
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:26:50 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究要旨在突破紙筆測驗,只重打分數、排名次,以考試成績的「量的評定」,而忽略「質的分析與診斷」。因此,透過電腦化S-P表分析紙筆英語教學評量結果,以量化指標,判斷試題編製的良窳、改進命題與教學的參考及學習輔導的依據。
    在教學歷程中,以教學評量活動評定學生的學習成果,可達三項目的:1.教學前的安置性評量-了解起點行為及適當安置學生。2.教學中的形成性、診斷性評量-確認適當教學活動及調整教學步調;診斷學習困難及激勵學習動機。3.教學後的總結性評量-明瞭學習成果及評定成績等定。在日常考查評量中,教師自編成就測驗卷適合教學對象否?符合教學目標否?在評定教學成效達成與否,先行檢視測驗試題品質,如此測驗評量結果呈現的資料才有實際的作用。教學評量在紙筆測驗的方法下,不重在獲悉評量的結果,而應在深入思考「為何要評量」的問題(Kohn, 1994)。利用評分標準客觀且方便獲得大量資料的紙筆測驗數據,本研究的目的:一、利用電腦程式軟體,建立S-P表,進行測驗分析,以量化指標,提供以下功能:1.診斷學習困難,實施個別輔導。2.,確認教學缺失,調整教學策略。3.判定並修改試題的參考。二、運用S-P表於英語教學,提昇教學成效。
    The main idea of the research is to break through the emphasis on the rating scale in paper-and-pencil test evaluation, using the scores as "quantitative assessment" and neglecting "the qualitative analysis and diagnosis". Therefore, through the quantitative indexes from the result of the computerized S-P table analysis on teaching evaluation, it can evaluate the quality of the test construction, improve the test items and teaching, furthermore guide learning.
    In the teaching process, the teaching evaluation activities can attain three purposes:1.The arrangement evaluation prior to teaching is to detect the prior knowledge and arrange students properly. 2.The formative and critical evaluation during the teaching is to identify the practical teaching activities or diagnose the learning difficulties to promote learning motivation. 3.The summative evaluation after teaching is to grasp the learning performance and assess achievement ranks. In the daily test evaluation, are the teacher-made tests appropriate for the teaching audience and teaching goals? It''s ideal to check the quality of the test before assessing the achievement of the teaching effects, so that the information from assessing the test evaluation can bring forth its function. The main point of the teaching evaluation under the paper-and-pencil test is not in getting the result but in pondering the question "why to evaluate". (Kohn,1994) By using the objective standardized grade and the obtainable numerous test figures, the research plans to reach the following goals: 1.To found a S-P table by computer programming proceeds the test analysis. Based on the quantitative indexes, it provides the following functions : (1)diagnose the learning difficulties and implement individual guidance. (2)find out the teaching faults and adjust teaching strategies. (3)decide the test quality for correction reference. 2. To apply the computerized S-P table to English teaching promotes the teaching effects.
    Appears in Collections:[教育科技學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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