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    Title: 國小高年級學生資訊倫理數位教材之設計與發展
    Other Titles: The design and development of information ethics e-courseware for K5~K6 students
    Authors: 施懿珊;Shih, Yi-shan
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班
    黃雅萍;Huang, Ya-ping
    Keywords: 國小高年級學生;資訊倫理;案例教學;批判思考教學;數位教材;系統化教學設計;K5~K6 Students;Information Ethics;Case-Based Instruction;Critical Thinking Instruction;e-Courseware;Systematic Instructional Design
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:25:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 二十一世紀人類面臨的首要挑戰是資訊科技對倫理價值的衝擊,資訊倫理雖然探究的是取用資訊的問題,內在本質還是源自人與人互動的關係,而資訊倫理教育的目的就是要培養使用者內在自我規範的能力。由文獻探討發現學生在使用資訊科技時,常因認知不夠,有意或無意地做出許多違反資訊倫理的不當行為。鑑於資訊科技興起對於未來主人翁影響甚鉅,研究者希望為學生設計一套學習教材,引導學生自我省思使用網路的價值觀,並藉由批判思考,提高警覺,保護自己在上網時不受傷害。

    教材之設計遵循ADDIE系統化教學設計理念,在分析的步驟整理文獻資料、訪談學科專家及調查學生資訊倫理先備知識,歸納出學生最需要加強的是網路言論的「理性發言」、著作權的「網路資源合理使用」、線上遊戲的「帳號密碼維護」與「適當參與」等,並結合案例教學、批判思考教學的核心理念,設計並實際發展出「小豆干的部落格」、「偷創作的小偷」、「遊戲王國」三個學習單元,最後根據專家及使用者評鑑的結果修正本教材。

    評鑑結果發現透過案例故事的呈現,使學生正視使用資訊科技的問題;教材提供從法律及倫理不同角度的自主選擇,也能啟發學生的理性思考,有利倫理學習的個別發展。
    The primary challenge for human beings in 21st century is the impact to ethic values brought about by information technology. Though Information Ethics discusses problems about access to information, its inner nature actually derives from personal interactions. From the educational perspective, it aims to nurture the self-disciplinary ability within internet users and, as a consequence, to produce a positive effect on social order. Our literature review shows that students often behave improperly in the use of information technology, intentionally or unwittingly, due to insufficient cognition of information ethics. In view of the powerful influence of technology to students, we wish to design a courseware guiding them to self-examine the values on internet use, and to protect themselves with critical thinking and raised vigilance.

    Our research approach is in accordance with Systematic Instructional Design, following the steps of analysis, design, development and formative assessment. First, based on literature review, the experts’ opinions, the student''s questionnaires, we find that students need most to strengthen is "The rationality on communications through the internet," and "Respecting copyright on the use of internet resources ", and "The principles about participating on-line games "etc. Second, we integrate the core ideas of Case-Based Instruction and Critical Thinking Instruction and develop an e-courseware that is suitable for elementary users. In the end, we revise the courseware according to the assessments of experts and users.

    The results of the study find that the case story make the students face problems of using information technology. Our e-courseware provides various choices from the law and the ethics, and it can also inspire them to do the rational thinking and benefit their individual development of the ethics learning.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Educational Technology ] Thesis

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