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    Title: 我國教師團體國會遊說策略及其案例之研究
    Other Titles: The study of teacher organizations' lobbying strategies in legislative yuan and the case analysis
    Authors: 王淑慧;Wang, Shu-hui
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班
    蓋浙生;Gai, Che-sheng
    Keywords: 教師團體;國會遊說;遊說策略;Teacher Organizations;Lobby in Legislative Yuan;Lobbying Strategy
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:20:52 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探究我國教師團體對國會遊說的策略,以及教育政策制定相關人士對教師團體遊說運作過程中的看法;並以國中小教師免稅政策為案例,針對教師團體及政策制定相關人士進行訪談,最後予以歸納成為我國教師團體國會遊說之合理模式。
    為達上述研究目的,本研究採用文件分析及訪談等研究方法,並將研究發現加以討論後歸納成為結論,最後再根據結論提出具體建議,以供教師團體相關研究之參考。

    本研究結論有以下幾點:
    一、教師團體需作出合理性的政治訴求。
    二、教師團體國會遊說運作方式呈多樣化。
    三、教師團體在實務上遊說時遭遇不同的困難。
    四、政策制定時相關主管部門有不同的反應。
    五、教育部與教師團體對於取消免稅後的配套措施尚無共識。
    六、在取消免稅議題上,教師團體遊說的策略,所採取的方式相當多元。

    最後,根據文獻探討及研究發現,對教師團體、立法機關相關人士、教育政策制定相關人士及未來研究提出以下幾點建議:
    壹、對教師團體的建議
    一、教師團體進行遊說活動時,不宜預設立場。
    二、教師團體應加強教育政策之研究工作,善用資訊策略,以提供教育政策制定相關人士專業教育資訊,並作為協商談判之基礎。
    三、教師團體在運用遊說策略時,手段不宜太激烈,需顧及社會情勢,審慎評估實施所產生之效應。
    四、教師團體應加強內部組織之整合,以強化其功能。
    貳、對立法機關相關人士之建議
    一、儘速通過遊說法,以確定遊說的正當性與合法性。
    二、脫離政黨色彩顧及教育政策之發展性。
    三、立法委員應明確面對「配套措施爭議」的窘境。
    參、給教育政策制定相關人士的建議
    一、重視教師團體參與教育政策制定之重要性,提供充分溝通、參與管道,以減少對立衝突。
    二、教育部是教師團體最高事業目的主管機關,要主動修訂教師法及相關法令,作為未來協商談判之依據。
    肆、對未來研究之建議
    一、研究內容方面:未來研究可針對本研究中所顯示教師利益團體所使用的遊說策略,更進一步比較其中的利弊的得失,較可了解教師團體國會遊說的完整面貌。
    二、研究方法方面:若能針對訪談結果有疑義部分再進行深入訪談,也許會得到到更有意義之結論。
    The goals of this study are to explore teacher organizations’ lobbying strategies in Legislative Yuan and identify the viewpoints of the teacher organizations’ lobbying process from educational policy decision-makers, legislators, and organization leaders. This study also takes the policy of canceling the teachers’ tax-free benefit for example and interviews educational policy decision-makers, legislators, and organization leaders. Then, this study generalizes a feasible model of teacher organizations’ lobbying strategies in Legislative Yuan in Taiwan.
    To achieve the above goals, this study adopts literature analysis and interview methods, and generalizes the conclusions after discussing the research findings. Finally, this study proposes the specific suggestions for the related researches of teacher organizations as reference.
    The research conclusions are as follows,
    1. Teacher organizations need to make feasible appeal for political affairs.
    2. The ways of teacher organizations’ lobbying strategies in Legislative Yuan are variety.
    3. Teacher organizations counter different difficulties in actual situations.
    4. The authorities have different responses when they do the policy-making.
    5. The ministry of education and teacher organizations didn’t have the common consensus about alternative programs of canceling the teachers’ tax-free benefit
    6. On the issue of canceling the teachers’ tax-free benefit, the lobbying strategies that the teacher organizations adopt are very diversity
    According to literature review and the research findings, following suggestions are offered to teacher organizations, legislators, educational policy decision-makers and further study:
    1. Suggestions to teacher organizations
    (1)Teacher organizations shouldn’t have any presumptions when they lobby in Legislative Yuan.
    (2)Teacher organizations should enhance the research of educational policy and make good use of information strategy to offer professional education information for legislators and educational policy decision-makers, and take it as the foundation of negotiation.
    (3)Teacher organizations shouldn’t adopt the impassioned lobbying strategies. They should give consideration to the social situations and cautiously evaluate the effects that cause from carrying out policies.
    (4)Teacher organizations should enhance the integration of internal organizations to intensify their functions.
    2. Suggestions to legislators
    (1)The legislators should pass the lobbying law as soon as possible to make sure the legitimacy and validity of lobbying.
    (2)The legislators should depart from political party and give consideration to the development of educational policy.
    (3) The legislators should definitely confront the awkward situation of argument of alternative programs.
    3. Suggestions to educational policy decision-makers
    (1)They should value the importance of teacher organizations involve the educational policy-making and offer sufficient communication and participant channel to reduce the conflicts.
    (2) The ministry of education is the authority of teacher organizations, they should revise the Teacher’s Law and related laws actively and take them as the basis of negotiation in the future.
    4. Suggestions to the further study
    (1) About the content of study: The further study can compare the advantages and disadvantages of lobbying strategies that teacher organizations adopt in this study It can help us more understand about the teacher organizations’ lobbying in Legislative Yuan.
    (2)About the research method: If the further study can have the depth interview about the doubtful points from the interview conclusions. It may help the study to get more meaningful conclusions.
    Appears in Collections:[教育政策與領導研究所] 學位論文

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