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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/31130

    Title: 中國建設世界一流大學政策之研究 : 以北京大學為例
    Other Titles: A study on the policy of constructing the world-class universities in China : a case study of Peking University
    Authors: 唐嘉彥;Tang, Chia-yen
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士班
    楊瑩;Chan, Ying
    Keywords: 世界一流大學;「211工程」;「985工程」;北京大學;World-Class University;“211 Project”;“985 Project”;Peking University
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:16:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討中國建設世界一流大學的現行政策。為達成此研究目的,本研究以文件分析法、個案研究法及深度訪談法等三種為主要研究方法,並以北京大學為個案研究的對象。至於訪談的對象則包括12位大學教師及10位研究生。
    大學」與 1980年代的「重中之重」等政策;
    The purpose of the study is mainly, by adopting the methods of document analysis, case study, and in-depth interview, to explore the current policies of constructing world-class universities in China. The case chosen in this study is Peking University, and the samples of interview include 12 academics in Universities and 10 graduate students.
    The main conclusions of this study can be summarized from the following four aspects:

    1. As to the concept of the World-Class University, there have not been unified definitions among academics, and it is a considerably relative concept in essence. The characteristics of the “World-Class University” also vary with scholars, though there exist some common features, which include both of quantitative indicators, as well as qualitative ones.

    2. As to the policies of constructing the world-class universities in China, there are following findings:
    (1) The policies of constructing the world-class universities in China have a long history, deriving from the related policies in the 1950s.
    (2) The current policies of constructing the world-class universities in China are so-called “211 Project” and “985 Project”, which differ from each other.

    3. As to the influences of the related policies on higher education in China. The findings are:
    (1) Higher education in China has formed a clear Pyramid Mode.
    (2) The related policies initiated by the central government have resulted in the development of higher education at regional or local levels.
    (3) The implementation of related policies has stimulated the greater participation of individual universities, improve the status, and quality of universities.

    4. As to the case study of Peking University, there are the following findings:
    (1) The strategies of the Peking University moving toward “World-Class” are designed and carried out by different stages.
    (2) An overall reform of the university system, including the improvement of teaching and research, reorganization of its structure, management systems and personal administration, have been made in the past few years.
    (3) In establishing the university a “World-Class” one, Peking University has its advantages, as well as disadvantages.

    Based on the above findings and conclusions, related suggestions are thereby drawn in the final chapter.
    Appears in Collections:[教育政策與領導研究所] 學位論文

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