The purpose of the study is mainly, by adopting the methods of document analysis, case study, and in-depth interview, to explore the current policies of constructing world-class universities in China. The case chosen in this study is Peking University, and the samples of interview include 12 academics in Universities and 10 graduate students.
The main conclusions of this study can be summarized from the following four aspects:
1. As to the concept of the World-Class University, there have not been unified definitions among academics, and it is a considerably relative concept in essence. The characteristics of the “World-Class University” also vary with scholars, though there exist some common features, which include both of quantitative indicators, as well as qualitative ones.
2. As to the policies of constructing the world-class universities in China, there are following findings:
(1) The policies of constructing the world-class universities in China have a long history, deriving from the related policies in the 1950s.
(2) The current policies of constructing the world-class universities in China are so-called “211 Project” and “985 Project”, which differ from each other.
3. As to the influences of the related policies on higher education in China. The findings are:
(1) Higher education in China has formed a clear Pyramid Mode.
(2) The related policies initiated by the central government have resulted in the development of higher education at regional or local levels.
(3) The implementation of related policies has stimulated the greater participation of individual universities, improve the status, and quality of universities.
4. As to the case study of Peking University, there are the following findings:
(1) The strategies of the Peking University moving toward “World-Class” are designed and carried out by different stages.
(2) An overall reform of the university system, including the improvement of teaching and research, reorganization of its structure, management systems and personal administration, have been made in the past few years.
(3) In establishing the university a “World-Class” one, Peking University has its advantages, as well as disadvantages.
Based on the above findings and conclusions, related suggestions are thereby drawn in the final chapter.