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    題名: 我國軍事校院設置校務基金可行性之研究 : 以國防醫學院為例
    其他題名: The feasibility study of establishing academic fundinat the military academies in our nation : by using the national defense medical center case
    作者: 陳邦峰;Chen, Bang-feng
    貢獻者: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班
    蓋浙生;Gai, Che-sheng
    關鍵詞: 軍事校院;國立大學校務基金;military academy;campus fund of the national university
    日期: 2007
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 00:15:09 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究旨在探究我國軍事校院設置校務基金可行性之研究-以國防醫學院為例。首先探討國立大學實施校務基金後經營與管理趨向多元自主、國防醫學院設置校務基金的必要性及可行性,以及國防醫學院設置校務基金之模式,與國防醫學院設置校務基金可能產生的窒礙及因應作為;其次分析及瞭解行政機關人員、專家學者,以及國立大學校院執行人員對於我國軍事校院設置校務基金可行性之研究-以國防醫學院為例之看法、意見與建議;最後根據研究結果提出建議,以作為國防醫學院未來設置校務基金之參考。
      為達研究目的,本研究透過文件(獻)探討並將具有實務背景之專家學者、行政機關(包含行政院、教育部、國防部及軍事校院校院長等)及學校財務人員進行深度訪談。本研究所獲研究結論如下:
    一、國立大學實施校務基金後經營與管理更臻多元自主及彈性
    二、國防醫學院設置校務基金有其必要性及可行性
    (一)公務機關預算對學校單位,非最佳之預算制度。
    (二)實施校務基金,將有助提升學校整體經營績效。
    (三)軍購案排擠效應對軍事教育預算有實質影響。
    (四)國防醫學院校務基金有設置之必要性。
    三、國防醫學院設置校務基金之適合模式
    四、國防醫學院校務基金設置可能產生的困難問題,均可獲得方案解決
      最後依據研究結論,對我國國防部教育主管機關、國防醫學院、各軍事校院及後續研究提出臚列建議:
    一、對國防部教育主管機關之建議
    (一)國防部決策及教育與相關主管機關,宜調整守舊之心態。
    (二)國防部教育主管機關宜依軍事教育條例鼓勵各軍事校院設置校務基金。
    (三)國防部教育主管機關宜主動規劃建立軍事校院設置校務基金之模式。
    (四)國防部教育主管機關宜適度開放軍事校院辦理推廣教育、建教合作及廣招自費生,以穩定校務基金收入來源。
    (五)國防部教育主管機關在預算管制,宜扮演適度管制及指導的角色,減少不必要的管理與干預。
    (六)國防部教育主管機關宜與教育部相關業務密切交流。
    (七)國防部教育主管機關宜主動召集所有軍事校院,實施校務基金研討會溝通觀念,以利後續推展。
    (八)國防部教育主管機關宜主導所有軍事校院實施中長期營運及財務規模評估作業,以確定可納校務基金之基準。
    二、對國防醫學院之建議
    (一)重新釐清學校自我定位與功能。
    (二)針對自籌經費問題提出對應措施。
    (三)針對營運及財務規模評估成長趨勢。
    三、對各軍事校院之建議
    (一)各校應勇於面對變革,建構財務自主的功能。
    (二)各軍事校院宜成立校務基金專案小組,從事設置基金相關前置作業事宜。
    四、對後續研究之建議
    (一)研究方法方面:可運用多樣化的研究方法,如個案分析,來針對已經實施校務基金之各不同類型之國立大學等作一深入的瞭解與探討,統合調查問卷及訪談方法的資料分析,使軍事校院設置校務基金之可行研究成果更加豐碩,更具參考價值。
    (二)研究主題方面:可全面性對國軍各軍事校院設置校務基金之可行性,做一詳細評估,並深入瞭解實際運作過程,使得所獲研究成果可成為其他不同類型的軍事校院之參考。
    This study aims at probing into the feasibility research that the military academies in our country set up the campus via taking the case of the National Defense Medical Center(NDMC) as an example. The first phase is to explore the management and tend to pluralism acting on one''s own at the national universities, and the necessity and feasibility of setting up the campus fund at NDMC. Meanwhile, to discuss the model of setting up the campus fund, and to find the obstacles producing and their approaches in the case of NDMC will be proposed. The second phase is to analysis and figure out the opinion of the feasibility to set up campus fund among the administrative personnel, experts and scholars. The last phase is to propose appropriate suggestion based on the study outcome, which can be the reference of setting up the campus fund in the future.
    In order to reach the purpose of studying, this research was studied through the literature reviews, and the depth interview with the financial staff, the experts and scholars who have rich practice background, including Executive Yuan, Ministry of Education, Ministry of National Defense and the presidents of military academies, etc. This paper is studied the conclusion as follows:
    First, the national university should attains pluralism acting on one''s own and elasticity even more after implement the campus fund.
    Second, it is feasible and necessary to set up the campus fund in NDMC.
    (1)Organ''s budget is not the best budget system for the schools.
    (2)To implement the campus fund will help to improve and raise the school performance wholly.
    (3)The squeeze effect of military weapon acquisition has essence influence on the military educational budget.
    (4) It is essential to set up campus fund in NDMC.
    Third, there is the suitable model to set up campus fund in NDMC.
    Forth, there are resolve approaches to the difficult problems produced by setting up campus fund in NDMC.
    Finally, according to the conclusion of studying, the suggestions of setting out and arranging to the education authority, NDMC, each of military academies and follow-up study of Ministry of National Defense are stressed as follows:
    First, suggestion on the education authority of Ministry of National Defense:
    (1) The decision-maker and the education authority of Ministry of National Defense should adjust the psychology of adhering to past practices.
    (2) The education authority of Ministry of National Defense should encourage each of military academies to set up the campus fund in accordance with military educational regulations.
    (3) The education authority of Ministry of National Defense should positively plan to set up the campus fund.
    (4) The education authority of Ministry of National Defense should offer the continuing education program, cooperation education program and self-funded student to stabilize the revenue of campus fund.
    (5) The education authority of Ministry of National Defense should play the role with appropriate control and instruction in the budget, instead of unnecessary management and intervention.
    (6) The education authority of Ministry of National Defense should exchange with the other relevant affairs of Ministry of Education closely.
    (7) The education authority of Ministry of National Defense should convene all the military academies voluntarily to conduct seminar linking up the ideas and promote the follow-up.
    (8) The education authority of Ministry of National Defense should leading all of military academies to carry out the midium or long term management and financial scale assess, in order to ensure the datum payable of the campus fund.
    Second, suggestions on the NDMC:
    (1) Distinguish positioning oneself and function of the school again.
    (2) Propose the corresponding measure to the question of self fund-raisings.
    (3) Evaluate trend of fund growing in terms of financial scale and operation.
    Third, suggestions on each of military academies:
    (1) Every school should dare to build and construct the function with independent financial ability in the face of improving.
    (2) Every school should establish the Campus Fund Project group, which is engaged in the relevant preparations of setting up funds.
    Fourth, suggestions on follow-up study:
    (1) Research methodology: Use diversified research approaches (ex. the case analyses) to do a deep understanding and investigation of each different kinds of national universities that are already implementing campus fund. Besides, through combining the data analysis of the questionnaire and interview method makes the feasibility research outcome of setting up campus fund more rich and valuable.
    (2) Study topics: evaluate the feasibility of the campus fund to each of military academies in detail to understand actual operation process in depth. Therefore, the research results can be the reference for the other different kinds of military academy.
    顯示於類別:[教育政策與領導研究所] 學位論文

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