本研究最後根據文獻探討與研究結論，提出對台灣未來高等教育品質保證機制發展之建議，供教育主管機關與高等教育機構參考。 This purpose of this study is to investigate the development of “Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian Higher Education”, and to analyze that how the quality assurance mechanisms work in “Australian National University” and “University of Melbourne”. After analyzing the cases, propose practical suggestions for the establishment of quality assurance mechanism in Taiwan higher education. This study mainly, via the method of document analysis and case study, aims to explore the meaning of higher education review and quality assurance system in higher education. Besides that this study analyzes unique quality assurance mechanism in the main countries of the world. To clearly realize how to work and develop the improvement plan for quality assurance mechanism in “Australian National University” and “University of Melbourne”. Therefore, the main findings of this study are described as below: 1.The condition of “Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian Higher Education”: 1.1On the whole, the relationship between “Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian Higher Education” and “Australian Higher Education System” was really close together. 1.2According to the analysis of “Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian Higher Education”, the most important thing is that the quality was reviewed by an independent non-government unit. 1.3 The process of “Quality Assurance in Australian” was synergy and integrative. 1.4 It pays attention to the improvement of competitiveness and internalization, which becomes the largest export country of education all over the world. 2. The focus of “Higher Education Quality Assurance Mechanism in Australian National University and University of Melbourne” includes the six points: (1) to emphasis on effectiveness of management; (2) to set the independent unit which is responsible for the review of quality; (3) to focus on teachers’ professional knowledge and ability; (4) to create the unique quality culture; (5) to establish the framework which related to the development of quality assurance mechanism; (6) to set the guideline of quality review. Based on the above findings, this study concluded with some practical suggestions to educational administrative authorities and higher education institutions in Taiwan.